A Short History by Dave Pavlock
Salamanca...a city built on the Seneca Indian Reservation, is on the Allegany River, and is the gateway to the Allegany State Park, which is 65, 000 acres and is the largest state park in NYS. Salamanca, named after Salamanca Spain, was a growing small industrial and railroading community a hundred years ago. It hosted rail yards for the Erie and B & O railroads, furniture factories, and a tannery that attracted newly arriving Europeans. An Indian Museum, and railroad museum, are sited in Salamanca. It is close to skiing areas at Allegany State Park and Holiday Valley in Ellicottville.
The population has dwindled from 10,000 to about 6,500 over the years. Two cemeteries in Salamanca, are of interested to those chasing their roots. The Catholic Cemetery is Calvary, operated by Saint Patrick's Church. The Protestant cemetery is Wildwood Cemetery. Salamanca has a daily newspaper, formerly the Salamanca Republican Press and now called the Salamanca Press, microfilm available at the Salamanca Public Library on Wildwood Ave. For a more complete history read the transcribed History of Salamanca from the 1893 Gazatteer