Chapters from:

 by Charles Schults, published in 1901.
Transcribed by Mary Lee and Laura Greene



BUT few now survive of the early settlers who pitched their tents in the wilderness which has now been made into as pleasant and profitable a farming country as is to be found in Western New York. Time plays no part in covering from mortal gaze the forms of those pioneer men who lived and worked, nobly and well. The years run on in continuous number above the graves of those men, who toiled early and late, for the foundation and advancement of all that tends to make a town prosperous. The reminiscences disclosed in the life of these early settlers are rife with interesting incidents, which have been snatched from the fleeting memories of the past, for the contemplation, perhaps, emulation, and education of present and future generations. Such reviews are designed to quicken our patriotism and the pride which we should feel in the town and in the men who founded it. Their works have left an impress upon the annals of time. Long after their mortal frame has re-turned to dust their memory is cherished in loving remembrance by us. These men were actuated by the same motives and passions which influence their descendants and place before us a striking example of fortitude and courage in meeting the questions of life by which we can well afford to profit. As a community when we pay them the tribute of these pages we pay a tribute to ourselves, and while we deplore their loss we revere their memory.

"They little thought how pure a light,
With years should gather 'round;
How love should keep their memories bright,
How wide a realm their sons should sway."

    Luther Allen was born October 10, 1798, at Fabius, Onondaga County, N. Y., and died at Gowanda, February 20, 1847. He came to the town of Dayton about the year 1818, and located on lot 39, and resided there for a few years when he removed to what is now the village of Dayton, where he remained most of the time up to his death. His first wife whom he married at Fabius was Huldah Benedict and her father and oldest brother were both Revolutionary soldiers. She died at Dayton, October 20, 1837, where all their married life had been spent. She was well suited to be the wife of an early pioneer. She had great personal courage to battle with the difficulties which surrounded her. An intelligent and lovable woman, she died universally mourned by those who knew her. Luther Allen came to Dayton with his wife in the winter coming from Onondaga County with a yoke of steers and a sled and bringing with them the few household effects they had been able to gather together to begin their battle for life and home in the great wilderness which surrounded them here. Mr. Allen was a man of superior business ability, an elegant writer and very competent to draft such papers as were needed to be drafted among the early settlers. He held the position of Justice of the Peace for a number of years when the towns of Dayton and Persia were included in the town of Perrysburg and for a number of years after the town of Dayton became a separate township. He was also a land surveyor and in his early years a teacher in the public schools. He was a man of fine personal appearance with keen piercing black eyes, erect as an arrow, six feet in height and finely proportioned and with a pleasing manner. While living in the town of Dayton he was elected three times as Supervisor in spite of the fact that nearly the whole town was opposed to him in politics. Mr. Allen and Ralph Johnson were the only Democrats who ever had the honor to represent the town of Dayton on the Board of Supervisors. His first wife at her decease left two children. The eldest Mrs. Lucinda Judd is still living and resides at Gowanda with her son. The other,. Norman M. Allen, now resides at Dayton. Mr. Allen was married the second time to Los Leland Tuthill and resided with her until his death in 1847. By her he had one child, Luther Allen, who now resides at Cleveland, Ohio, but who for some years resided with his brother, Norman M. Allen, at Dayton. Mr. Allen's second wife died at Gowanda a few years after her husband. She was a lady of great intelligence and high attainments and was universally loved and respected and when she died was mourned by all who knew her. Mr. Allen was a highly useful member of the community in which he lived and which was composed of the pioneers of the town of Dayton. He transacted nearly all the legal business. They had but little litigation and such differences as arose between them he settled in a manner generally satisfactory to all parties concerned. He seemed to live for the good he could do for others and there was no man who knew him but who mourned his early death as a personal loss.

    Jonathan B. Allen was born August 10, 1824, and married, November 8, 1849, Fanny, daughter of Timothy M. and Amanda (Redfield) Shaw. Their children were Ellen (Mrs. A. C. Wright); Laura (Mrs. David Brand); and Cora L., who died September 2, 1877. Mr. Allen was a farmer, held several town offices and died October 7, 1898.

    Hiram Austin, son of Samuel, came to Dayton in 1826, cleared a farm and died there November 16, 1875. He was twice married and had three children, of whom Hiram C., born January 26, 1825, married Jane Hooker, has five children and resides with his son on the homestead.

    Norman Bacon was a son of Penuel and was born in Onondaga County. He came to this town at an early day and died May 9, 1849, on the farm which he cleared. His wife, Lucy Ann Parke died here in 1872. Their son, Elisha H., was born in the town, September 15, 1846; married in 1868, a daughter of Zalmon Rich and afterwards married a daughter of Walter Dean. He is a farmer and has six children. His brother, Esek P., served in Co. B., 154th N. Y. Vols. and died in Andersonville prison.

    John W. Badgero, son of Jacob and Sophia Badgero, was born in Vermont, and came to Dayton while young. He married Laura A., daughter of Abel and Maria ( West) Jolls by whom he had these children Christina C. ; Frances M. ; Ellery G. ; Laura M. ; Phoeba E. ; 'Ada E. ; and Ira M. Mr. Badgero was a soldier in the late war in Co. A., 154th N. Y. Vols., and died in Dayton. January 17. 1895.

    Charles Berwald, a native of Germany,  came to America in 1848, locating in the town of Hanover and removed from there to South Dayton in 1860. He operated a saw and hingle mill for a number of years and did much for South Dayton in the early days. He died March 3, 1891/ November 15, 1857, he married Bathsheba Wickham, a sister of John Wickham, who still survives him and lives at South Dayton. They had three children : May, born September 2, 1860, married S. E. Young, and died May 19, 1898. They had one child, Maude, born in October, 1885; Charles Berwald, born January 19, 1865, resides at South Dayton; Flora, born August 13, 1868, married Lee Stearns and now resides at South Dayton

    Dennison Bartlett came to Dayton while young and died here, aged sixty years. His wife, Alzina Campbell, bore him five children.

    Charles W. Blair was born at Stockbridge, Oneida County, February 22, 1822, and came to Perrysburg and thence to Dayton at an early day. His father was William, son of Robert, a native of Massachusetts. Charles W. Blair has served as Justice, Commissioner of Highways, and Postmaster at Cottage. He married Pastorette A., daughter of William D. and Betsey (Webb) Smith,and their children are: Emmett,who now resides at Jamestown; (Ada A. and Cora A. deceased). Mr. Blair died at Cottage, April 24, 1897.

    William Blair, another son of Robert, was born in Massachusetts in 1785, and came to this town while young, locating at Cottage, where he died December 14, 1862. His wife, Susan Curtis, was born February 14, 1793, and died September 3, 1832. One of their sons, William W., married Mary Walker, and of their children Charles H. was born in Perrysburg, September 22, 1838, and July 4, 1865, married Christina C., daughter of John W. Badgero. Charles H. enlisted in Co. A. 44th N. Y. Vols., was wounded at Gettysburg and was discharged in 1864. William W. Blair served from 1862 to 1865 in Co. K., 155th N. Y., and was six months in prison.

    David Brand came to Gowanda and lived many years, removing finally to Dayton and eventually to Iowa, where he died. Of his children Henry C. was born in Gowanda and died in Dayton in 1872. He married Sarah Howard and their son, Henry 11., born in Dayton, February 22, 1847, married Eliza M. Loomer, February 20, 1869, who died, and he then married again Rachael E. Smith. Daniel H., another son of Henry C., was born July 6,1854, and married Kate, daughter of Jonathan and Fanny (Shaw) Allen.

    The Brown family was well-known throughout the towns of Dayton and Villenova as pioneers, they being among the first to settle in the woods and make homes from the wilderness. The family were originally from Brookfield, Madison County, N. Y., and vicinity. Luther Brown was born and raised in Brookfield and is still remembered by the older residents there. Hozea Brown, his son, with several other families from Madison County, emigrated to Cattaraugus County in the early days, and settled in the town of Persia. The families moved this distance of some two hundred miles with ox teams, bringing their few, be-longings with them. Their settlement in the town of Persia was at random or hazard, they becoming tired of the overland ox team mode of travel. With scarcely anything to commence with, these pioneers cleared places and built log cabins in the woods. Hozea Brown was then a young man of about twenty-five years, was married and had one son, Ira, now living at Cottage. The privations and hardships of these pioneers were similar to those of all the early settlers. Money was almost unknown and barter was the medium of exchange. Hozea Brown and his wife were the tailors of that part of the country, and people came from far and near to have garments cut and made. Ten children were born to them : Ira Brown, who resides at Cottage; Frank Brown, who died at O'Neil City, Neb., in 1896; Esther Kirkland of Bowling Green, Mo.; George Brown, who died at South Dayton in 1898; Rebecca Cole, living at Gowanda; Eliza Young, living at South Dayton; Milan and Merton Brown (twins) the former residing at Gowanda, the latter dying in Libby prison; and H. J. Brown, living at Gowanda.

    George Brown was born August 1, 1831, at the old log house home in Persia. At the age of about fifteen he left the farm and for a few years hired out to farmers in the vicinity, working by the month, and during the winters working for his board and attending the district school. He accumulated some money in various small speculations and in 1857 purchased the Brown farm in the town of Villenova, on which he built the house and set out the shade trees which still stand. In 1859 he was married to Helen B. Holmes of Madison, N Y., a graduate of Hamilton College. A son, L. H. Brown was born two years later, and six months after his birth the mother died. In 1862 he was married to Jennie A. Bartlett of Villenova, and four children were born. The eldest son, L. H. Brown is a prominent contractor and dealer and is well known throughout Cattaraugus and Chautauqua Counties; Merton L. Brown, one of the foremen in the Ajack Machine Works of Corry, Pa. ; Milan J. Brown, postmaster at Little Valley, N. Y. ; Algia M. Brown, who died August 15, 1886, and Georgia E. Brown of South Dayton.

    Ezra Brown, a native of Vermont, came to Chemung County, where he died at an advanced age. He served in the war of 1812. His son, Daniel, was born June 15, 1813, and came to Dayton in 1847, locating near Wesley, where he died August 5, 1882. He married Fanny Perham, and their children were : Ellen, Harriet, Jeanette, Josephine, Julius and Ellis. The latter was born February 11, 1856, and November 21, 1875, married Sarah L., daughter of George and Jane (Ashdown) Williams and their children are: Welcome J., Helen M., and Lena W. Julius Brown was born February 24, 1854, married December 27, 1874, to Ida Ann Easterly. They have one son, Ellsworth.

    Abner Batchellor, a native of Massachusetts, came to Dayton as an early settler, married Mary A. Dow, had three children and died June 19, 1880. Netta A., who now resides on the old homestead near South Dayton is the only survivor of the family in the town.

    John Casten was born in Duchess County and came to Collins, Erie County, where he died. His son, James, born in the same county, September 29, 1801, was located in Buffalo as a dealer in live stock for many years, and came thence to Collins, and from there to Leon, where he died March 3, 1888. He married Amanda Wheeler, who was born July 6, 1802, and his children were: Anna E., James W., Ira W., Emily A., Mary J., William H., Eunice L., Stephen L., and John G. John G. Casten was born in Buffalo, March 14, 1833, and in 1860, married Martha M., daughter of Samuel and Susan (Fairbanks) of the town of Leon, who was born March 9, 1841. Their children are: Susan A., James S., Addie M., John F., Ira B., William E., Stephen A., Ella M., Archie R.

    Abner Comstock, a Canadian by birth, came to Dayton in 1829, and died in 1859. He had ten children by two marriages, among them being David, who was born in Persia, and married a daughter of Ranson Remington, by whom he had five children.

    David Crowell was born at Sherburne, N. Y., and came to Villenova, where he died in 1861. He was married three times and of his children, David, also lived in Villenova, until his death in 1841. He married Annie Faulkiner, and their children were : Seth, Norman, William, James, George and Charles H. Charles H. Crowell was born in Villenova, August 27, 1840, and December 3, 1861, married Celestia Robbins of Hanover, N. Y., and had one son, Fred, born August 5, 1871. Mr . Crowell enlisted in 1861 in Co. H., 100th N. Y. Vols., and was honorably discharged in 1862. Fred D. Crowell married Emma Smith of Dayton, (and is now deceased).

    Azariah Darbee, Jr., was born February 11, 1793, at Wells, Vermont. He was one of the pioneers of the town of Dayton. He came to the town in 1816, settling at Cottage, where he died November 1, 1883. He married for his first wife, January 12, 1815, Prudence Hubbard, who was born October 30, 1793, and who died March 6, 1825. Their children were : Orilla, born December 28, 1815, married to Christopher Gardiner of Cherry Creek; Hubbard, born September 15, 1817, died in Washington, 1899; Lafayette, born December 18, 1818, deceased; Isaac P., born June 11, 1820, died in infancy. For his second wife, Polly Barton, in 1824, she died, January 18, 1876. Their children were: Eliza M., born at Cottage December 222 1825, died there August 27, 1896; . Augustus J., born September 13, 1827, died January 15, 1901. He married Lyandia Leonard and their children were: Lucy A., born August 3, 1856, died when thirteen years of age; Bettie E., born August 7, 1861, married John Derringer and resides at Niagara Falls; Grace V., born December 25, 1867, married September 26, 1893, G. B. Perrin and resides at Dayton; Ellen, born September 22, 1829, married Merrill Pierce and died January 16, 1899; Polly born May 13, 1832, married Jonathan DeReamer and now resides at Cottage; Bettie, born May 12, 1834, married Merrill Rich and died September 15, 1897. Mr. Darbee was a devout Christian and did much for the church and Christianity.

    Elbridge Eddy was an early settler of Persia, where he died in 1878. He was a native of Enfield, Mass. His son, Guilford, was born in Persia, May 10, 1833, married Clarissa Ketchum and they have seven children. He is a blacksmith at Cottage.

    Daniel D. English, son of William, was an early pioneer of Dayton. He was born in Washington County, N. Y., May 9, 1807, and died here April 15, 1874. His wife, Amanda Gere, died in Leon, October 21, 1880. Their children were: Eleanor. Sanford, Oscar, Alida, Amelia, Edgar, Theodore, and Lewis all born in Dayton. Oscar English, born December 31, 1839, married September 2, 1866, Mercy R., daughter of William and Bathsheba ( Waite) Potter of Leon. She was born in Machias, October 26, 1843. Their children are: Bert L.; born May 27, 1869, and Maude (adopted) born August 22, 1879. Mr. English has resided on his present farm for over thirty years and has been one of the assessors of Dayton for many years. Theodore English (See South Dayton. )

    John Fisher, a native of Albany, a miller by trade, a soldier of the war of 1812, died in Italy, Yates County, at the age of 106 years and six months. Of his children, James married Rachel Gilbert and of their children Jeremiah, G., was born May 8, 1830, married Sally Ann Cook, and they have three children. Louis R. (see South Dayton); Lillie, who married Dr. F. E. Tuttle, and Clifford R. Mr. Fisher is a dealer in monuments at South Dayton.

    Henry Fuller, son of Benjamin, had seven children, of whom Edgar was born in Dayton, July 7; 1843, married Alice Conklin, and is a Wesleyan minister.

    Jonathan Gragg, born in New Hampshire, in 1791, came to Dayton, where he was killed by a falling tree October 21, 1850. His wife, Philenda, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Adgate, died in 1855. Their children were Clarinda, Margaret, Elizabeth, Joseph, Chester, Adgate T., Caroline and Edgar. A Adgate T. Gregg (see Dayton).

    Edward C. Hurlburt, son of Byron C. and Harriet C. Hurlburt, was born in Haskinville, N. Y., April 17, 1868, and on August 31, 1889, he married Bertha M., daughter of Oscar and Emma (Easton) Vincent of Leon and resides on the Easton estate near Wesley.

    Harrison P. Hall was born January 17, 1824, in Boonville, N. Y. He removed to Leon in 1840, and to South Dayton in October, 1875. By occupation he is a millwright. He married, February 6, 1848, Delinda Francis, daughter of Cadwin Francis of Leon. They had one child, Fred, who died when seven years of age.

    Daniel Howard was born December 29, 1825, in the town of Perrysburg, what is now Dayton, where he still resides. He married in 1845, Emily Ross, who was born in Brookville, Pa., August 19, 1827, and died in Dayton, July 26, 1896. They had five children : Urbin, born ----, 1846, resides at Wesley; LeRoy, born 1849, resides at Dayton ; Hiram, born ----, 1850, resides at Gowanda; Sarah N., born ----, 1852, she married Bert Wilcox and died November 25, 1900; Maggie, born ----, 1856, married John J. Volk and resides at Dayton.

    Calvin Hall, a native of Vermont, came to Dayton in 1855 where he died in 1890. His wife, Sarah Mosher, died here aged fifty-four. They had three children, Calvin E., Phoeba and Lydia. Calvin E. Hall was born January 22, 1826, came to Dayton, with his father, and finally moved to Buffalo, where he died in 1890. By his wife, Sarah Watkins, he had these children : Mary Z., Ada, Edmund, Drusa, Jesse, and Robert B. The latter was born in New Albion, July 1, 1853. January 1, 1872, he married Nettie, daughter of Patrick Schafer of Salamanca and their children were : Gertrude, Charles C. , Jessie M., and Mabel D.

    Nelson Hillebert, son of John C. and Elizabeth Hillebert, was born in Onondaga County, November 11, 1809, came to Dayton in 1837, settling near Wesley, where he died September 13, 1871. He was postmaster and highway commissioner for many years. He married, September 11, 1845, Eleanor Harvey and their children were: Emeline J., Amelia, George N., Adaline, Mary and Warren W. Emeline J., born in Dayton, September 22, 1846, married February 15, 1871, George Bailey and has one daughter, Dora E. Warren W. was born August 21, 1885, married Belle Payne. George N. Hillebert, born in Dayton, January 27, 1851, married Ursula Skeels and their children were Nelson and Clifford (deceased. )

    Jacob Hooker was son of Daniel, who was a native of Germany, a resident of Boston and later of Brandon, Vt., and a soldier of the Revolution. His wife, Mary (Gates) Hooker, died in Perrysburg, aged about ninety years. Jacob Hooker was born in Stowe, Mass., came to Perrysburg in 1835, and died November 25, 1863. His wife, Lois Fife was born December 24, 1788, and by her he had five children.

    John Hooker, another son of Daniel, married Philena Waterman, reared ten children and died in 1888, in Perrysburg. His sons, Hall and Ray, served in the rebellion, the first being killed in action. Newell P., another son was born in Perrysburg, March 20, 1850, married June 22, 1884, Christine Johnson. Mrs. Johnson was born in Sweden, February 1, 1860. Her father came to Dayton in 1884.

    Harry Howard, a native on Onondaga County, came to Persia, as one of the first settlers, cleared a farm on Nash Hill and thence removed to Wesley, where he died in 1881. His wife Delia Bacon died in 1888. Their children were: Harriet, Amanda, Alexander, Norman, Emeline and Charlotte. Alex¬ander Howard, born in Persia, died in Dayton in March, 1861. He married Lucy, daughter of Amos and Amelia (Towne) Ross, and their children were: James, Albert, Emma and Amanda. William H. Howard was born in Wisconsin, June 8, 1850 and March 1, 1874, married Mary A.,daughter of Hiram and Alzada (Ingersoll) Remington of Leon.

    Harvey Hubbard, a native of Massachusetts, came to Dayton while young and died here in 1872. His son, Charles, accompanied him to the town and still resides within its limits; several family connections also live in Dayton and hold high places in the esteem of the community.

    Asahel Hulett was born in Shaftsbury, Vt., in 1800. His father, Aaron, served seven years in the Revolution as a groomsman of Washington's horses. Asahel married Almira, daughter of Elisha and Dolly (Calkins) Darbee, who bore him eleven children, of whom Andrew J., born October 26, 1833, married Frances Allen in 1856, by whom he had two children, Lucy and Allen. Mr. Hulett married the second time to Mrs. Elizabeth Kimball, daughter of John Dye, in 1865 She was the mother of two children, Helen and Horace Greeley. His third wife was Mrs. Annie Dye, daughter of Jonathan C. and Margaret (Stivers) Wade. Mr. Hulett enlisted in July, 1863, in Co. C., 112th Inf., and served to the close of the war. His brother, Marcus, was a soldier in Co. A, 154th Inf.; and another brother, Asahel, was a member of Co. B., 112th Inf., and served to the close of the war. Mr. Hulett is a black-smith at the village of South Dayton.

    William G. Hall, son of Justice, was born at Portage, N. Y., came to New Albion, and finally settled near the Wesley Post-office, where he died. He was a farmer and married Almeda Rich of Barre, N. Y. His children were: Charles W., Leonard 0., Alzina A., Mary D., Delbert, Rowland, Arad, Sarah, Denton and Marion. Charles W. Hall was born in New Albion, November 3, 1837, and on March 11, 1861, married Betsey, daughter of Norman L. and Lucy A. (Parke) Bacon by whom he had one son, Burt H. The post-office at Wesley was named after Mr. Hall, his middle name being Wesley, and was postmaster of that place for many years. He served as corporal in Co. B., 154th N. Y. Vols., and was at the battles of Chancellorsville and Rocky Face Ridge, being severely wounded at each engagement. Delbert, another son, was born in New Albion, May 12, 1848, and married, March 27,1865, to Mary J., Wood, a native of Niagara County, who bore him three children, Glenn W., Wm. J., and Jennie M. Mr. Hall served in the Civil War in Co. D. 179th Vols. Glen W. Hall, born August 5, 1868, married Anna, daughter of Obediah and Mary A. Luce of New Albion.

    Thomas Wellington Johnson, an early innkeeper of the town of Dayton, was born December 29, 1826, in Dayton, and died March 28, 1861, at Markham. He was a son of Col. Ralph Johnson. He married, October 12, 1848, Emily Prosser and their children were Richard P., born March 18, 1850, he married in September, 1882, Mary A. Chadwick and they reside at Gowanda; Celia M., born February 19, 1852, she married October 31, 1872, DeHart Spencer and they reside at Cherry Creek; Katie A. and Cora M. (twins) born September 4, 1854, Katie A., married, November, 1878, L. D. Inman, and died in 1882; Cora M., died at Markham, in 1857; Ellen B., born July 20, 1856, she married, in March, 1880, F. G. Mitchell, and they reside in Buffalo. Mr. Johnson was a very popular and influential man, He once owned a good farm of 140 acres, a large saw mill and the hotel at Markham.

    Carrier Jolls was a early settler in Perrysburg, where he died. Among his large family of children was John, who was the first to settle on the present Foster farm, where he died, aged seventy-nine. He likewise had a large family from his two wives.

    Col. Ralph Johnson became a settler in what is now the town of Dayton in 1815. He located on lot 30 and continued to reside there until he died. One of the foremost citizens, he was the first postmaster in the town, which position he held for many years and until the opening of the Erie Railroad in 1851, when the post-office was removed to what is now Dayton Village. Soon after he established himself at Dayton, he engaged in the tanning business and the manufacture of boots and shoes. He continued in that business until about 1865. In company with Anson C. Merrill he erected the first saw mill in the town and soon after became the sole owner of the mill, which was the principal headquarters for manufactured lumber for many years. This mill, which he owned and operated so long was located at or near the center of the town at Markham. His wife's name before her marriage was Maria Cole. They had four children, two sons and two daughters, all of whom attained their majority and three of whom are now deceased. One daughter is still living and resides at Perrysburg.. The eldest son was named Richard and the other Thomas W. The eldest daughter, Matilda, was the wife of James M. Rich, and she and her husband have been dead for many years. The youngest daughter was the wife and is now the widow of John Townsend of Perrysburg. After the town of Dayton was organized in 1835, Col. Johnson was elected the first Town Clerk and held the office continuously for about ten years, when he was succeeded by his son, Richard. He was a Democrat in politics and a large majority of the town were opposed to him in that regard for which reason he never received that political preferment to which he was fairly entitled and which he would have otherwise have received. He held the office of Supervisor for one year and was the only one with one exception from the Democratic party who ever had that honor. He was universally esteemed among his neighbors without regard to party and his kindness and assistance which he rendered to the early settlers of the town by his mills, shoe shop, and tannery were invaluable. His word was as good as that of any man in any town, his integrity was unquestioned, he was somewhat eccentric and had strong and unwavering convictions upon political and all other subjects with which he had any considerable knowledge and to these views he held strenuously no matter how unpopular they might prove to be among his neighbors. Prior to 1850, he built the hotel at Markham, which building is still standing and in which for many years all the elections and town meetings were held. About the year, 1851, he erected the first hotel at the village of Dayton, which was destroyed by fire a few years since. He was greatly interested in the militia organizations in the early settlement of this part of the county and state. He was at one time the colonel of a regiment of Militia which assembled once a year at Lodi (now Gowanda) for a general training day as it was called. This day was the general holiday of the whole country round when the people assembled to see the parade of the regiment. The Colonel who was not a graceful horseman and he made an appearance when riding at the head of his regiment that was likely to create the impression that he was not so much of a Colonel as he really was. But a few of the men of the regiment would be uniformed at all, and a great many had no guns. The parade at this time would present an appearance almost ludicrous but then it was looked upon as a marvel, and the man who made sport of it would be banished from the community by the froze of public opinion. Colonel Johnson was a man of the highest integrity. He had great public spirit and was greatly interested in the improvement of the country and of the town in which he lived. He acquired a goodly competence by the most assiduous industry and when he died he left to his children and to their children the priceless inheritance of a good name.            N. M. A.

    Gile Johnson, the fourth son of John and Althea (Watkins) Johnson was born in Stafford, Conn., in the year, 1804, and soon after removed with his parents to Herkimer County, N. Y. When seven years of age, he with his five brothers and a sister, became orphaned by the death of his father. His mother, unable to provide for so large a family with her limited means found a home for him in the family of a Mr. Griswold, a farmer of that County, with whom he lived until he was twenty-one years of age. In 1826 he came to Cattaraugus County, N. Y., and bought a farm, adjoining that of his brother, Ralph's in the town of Dayton, which, like the entire surrounding country was a dense forest, and which by his energy and industry was soon cleared up and with an occasional addition of from fifty to one hundred acres was occupied by him until his death, which occurred in December, 1872. Two years after purchasing his farm, he married Philena Salisbury, daughter of Calvin Salisbury of Herkimer County, N. Y., who died in 1839, leaving three little boys. He soon after married Milley, daughter of Calvin and Hannah Rich, of New Albion, who died in 1858, deeply lamented by her numerous friends and acquaintances and especially by her family, consisting of two sons and four daughters, besides the sons of her adoption. He afterwards married Rosalinda Hubbard, of Dayton, who lived but a few months; and in 1860 he married his present surviving wife, Mrs. Sarah Ann Bailey, daughter of Nathaniel Hurd of Perrysburg. In early life he became connected with the Methodist Church of Dayton, of which he remained a faithful member to the time of his death and had the satisfaction of seeing nearly all his family honored members of the same. Besides being a constant officer of the church he was twice elected as supervisor of the town and often held other responsible town offices. Like most men whose accumulations depend upon their own energy and foresight he was prudent and economical; yet he would not on any account take advantage of the necessity of others. At an early day when there was a scarcity of wheat and when it could be sold for several dollars a bushel, he would sell his wheat for one dollar and would only sell a few bushels to any individual; and so also when there was a scarcity of hay and when his neighbors' cows were starving for want of it and when it could be sold for a fabulous price, he would sell his hay for ten dollars a ton and divide it among his neighbors, according to their necessity. He was conscientiously honest in all his dealings. In regard to his farm work his motto was, "Drive your work and don't let your work drive you." In all business transactions he was punctual and prompt to meet all contracts and engagements. He took a lively and deep interest in the welfare of his family, and was a kind and affectionate husband. His example in life was in perfect harmony with his Christian profession.

    Chauncey E. Law, son of Lewis M., who was for many years a hardware merchant, and died in Pennsylvania in 1861, was born in Aurora on April 22, 1857, married May 2, 1852, Minnie E., daughter of George and Caroline Dailey of Dayton, by whom he had two children: George L., born July 30, 1883, and Chester D., born January 4, 1892. Mr. Law is a painter and resides at Gowanda.

    Aaron Markham, a native of Massachusetts, came to Dayton in 1836, and died here in 1852. Among his five children was Aaron, Jr., whose son, William R., born November 27, 1814, came to this town in 1843. Of his sons, Aaron and Sylvanus served in the Ellsworth Zouaves, the former being killed (aged nineteen) and Philo A., who was a member of the 154th N. Y. Inf., and lost an arm at Rocky Face Ridge. He was brevetted 1st Lieutenant for meritorious service. (See Dayton. )

    Henry C. Mason is a son of Isaac, who was born in Massachusetts, November 23, 1798, and died December 27, 1885. Brooks Mason, the father of Isaac, was a Revolutionary soldier and was the third settler in the town of Pen-field, Monroe County, where he died. Henry C. Mason was born in Penfield September 14, 1825, and on October 31, 1847, he married Almanda M. Crane, who bore him these children: Orinda C., Isaac C., Levi D., and Loren D. James B. Mason, a brother of Henry C., was a lieutenant colonel in command at Clinch Mountain, West Va., where he was killed in 1863. George P. Mason, another brother was a captain of Co. B. 11th Mich. Vols., and was killed in Kentucky; Levi A., another brother enlisted as Captain of Co. I, 2d Mich. Vols., and served to the close of the War, participating in forty-seven different engagements. Russell B., still another brother, enlisted in August, 1861, in a Michigan regiment and. was wounded at White Oak Swamp. Henry C. Mason, the fifth brother enlisted in Co. C. 64th N. Y. Vols. in September, 1861, and was discharged December 3, 1862. He is now a farmer and resides near South Dayton.

    Johnson Merrill, son of Capt. Isreal , was born in Manchester, N. Y., May 9, 1833, began life teaching school when he was sixteen, came to Syracuse in 1854, and purchased an interest in the salt works there and in 1856 removed to Persia, where he married June 17, 1858, Sarah E., daughter of Benjamin J. and Sally (Prentice) Allen. They moved to Meadville, Pa., where they both taught school three years and then went to Oil Creek, where he engaged in oil speculation. In 1866 they returned to Dayton and settled at Cottage, where he died May 7, 1891. Their only son, William W. Merrill, was born May 29, 1868, and is a farmer residing near Dayton.

    Silas H. Merrill was born in Dayton in 1830. His father, Heman Merrill, was born in Connecticut, in 1791, and died at the age of eighty years. Silas H. married Maria J. Marshall of Erie County, Pa., and their children were Ara N. and Martha I. He was prominent in local politics and for many years a deacon in the Baptist Church. On December 29, 1876, he was killed in the Ashtabula railroad disaster and nothing was ever found of his remains.

    James Moore was born in Batavia, in 1825, moved to Leon and thence to South Dayton, in 1880, where he died April 20, 1899. In 1848 he married Nancy M. Graves, who still survives him and lives with her son, William H. at South Dayton. Their children were Marion (deceased); William H., Marinda, Phena, Emmett, Ira, Heaman, Lillie and Kitty.

    Anson C. Merrill was one of the early settlers of the town of Dayton, and lived upon a farm not far from the center of the town. He came from the town of Fabius, Onandaga County, about the year 1820, and died at Dayton, aged about seventy-five years. He was a man of good ability and discharged many important duties official and otherwise during the earlier years of his manhood. He was Supervisor of the town of Dayton during the years 1839-'40. He had six children of whom but one survives, Mrs. Ruth Redfield of Eden, Erie County, N. Y. He, in company with Ralph Johnson, erected a saw mill near the center of the town about the year 1830, which for many year was the only mill for the manufacture of lumber in that vicinity. It afterward became the exclusive property of Ralph Johnson. Mr. Merrill was an enterprising man of more than ordinary ability and had the respect of his neighbors and all who knew him. Some of his grandchildren have grown up and reside in the vicinity and are good men and women. His wife, Bethany, survived him for a number of years and died at an advanced age.

    Stephen L. Peterman was born in Hanover, July 13, 1853. For several years he was engaged in railroading and was in the cigar business at Nashville for two years. Ke came to South Dayton in 1877 and has since been engaged in farming and the commission business. October 1, 1878 he married Mary E. Hyatt of Nashville. They have one son, Vern, born August 27, 1879.

    Porter A. Parke, son of Avery and Lodema (Nash) Parke was born on the homestead at Dayton, June 26, 1840; married September 9, 1864 to Amelia, daughter of Daniel D. and Amanda English, who was born March 14, 1844. Their children are Clara A. ; Herbert H. and Clarence E. Mr. Parke served in Co. K. 25th Wis. Vols. and was discharged February 16, 1865 on account of wounds and now resides at Wesley.

    Joseph K. Peck, a native of Connecticut born November 4, 1776. His wife Isabella Hyde, also a native of Connecticut, was born June 30, 1779. Their children were Mary, Samuel, Joseph, Hannah, David B., Emily, Peter, Lurany, Eunice, Joel and Horace. Of these Horace was born December 27, 1831, married October 3, 1852, Delia Poland and has had born to him these children : Hiram C. ; Elmer H. ; Ella 0. ; Elma S. ; Willa C. ; Albert H. and Elga E.

    Marcus J. Rhodes, son of Joseph and Sarah L. Rhodes of Northville, Pa., was born at Corning, N. Y. March 5, 1854, married Martha J. Merrill (now deceased) and had born to him, four children. He is a farmer and resides at Dayton.

    A. L. Roberts was born at Cottage, March 2, 1839. He married Rachel Youngs of Hydetown, Pa., July 3, 1862. She was born at Hydetown November 28, 1844 and died October 8, 1877. He married again July 25, 1878, Maria S. Bunce of Cottage, who was born there May 6, 1848. Mr. Roberts children were: Wm. C. born September 10, 1863, married January 1, 1885 to Glennie Smith of Cherry Creek; they now reside at Jamestown ; Kittie, born January 1, 1868, died February 16, 1880; Eddie B. born May 11, 1879, died March 28, 1880; Clifford N. born December 17, 1884, died February 2, 1886; Nelson B., born October 18, 1889. Mr. Roberts is a mechanic and resides at South Dayton.

    William Ranlett was born April 22, 1790 in the town of Meredith, N. H. His father was a Revolutionary soldier. He moved to South Dayton in April, 1852, and in company with his son W. W. built the first mill at South Dayton. This they operated for seven years and then sold to Wickham and Berwald. Mr. Ranlett died October 23, 1884. He married Orpha Perham, who was born June 15, 1793 in Vt. and who died at South Dayton May 21, 1867. Their children were Sarah A. born April 29, 1827, married Asa P. Chase, who died in November 1851, their son was Eugene A. Chase with whom she now resides.

    William Wallace, born April, 1829, and died September 5, 1862. He married Sally Maxwell, who died in December 1897. Their children were Adelbert W., born in March, 1854, now resides in Bradford, Pa. ; Jane born in November 1852, married Alfred Newcomb, and now resides in Cherry Creek; Lafayette born July 8, 1838 (See South Dayton. )

    Abraham A. Rugg was born in the town of Perrysburg, May 22, 1823. He came to South Dayton in 1846, where he died May 18, 1881. Mr. Rugg was a progressive citizen and did much for South Dayton in its early days. He built the first school house there and was the first trustee after the district was organized. He married Katherine L. Babcock of Villenova, a native of Vermont. She died April 19, 1882. Their children were Clark, born May 16, 1851. He married February 19, 1872 Nettie Crapyo, a daughter of David Crapyo and she was born February 18, 1851; and Mina E. born November 10, 1866, resides in the town of Hanover. Clark has one son, John born June 19, 1884, married March 15, 1898 to Lizzie Bruckman, now resides at South Dayton. Clark Rugg is a carpenter at South Dayton and his handi-work is seen on many buildings there.

    John A. Rice, a pioneer of the town of Dayton, was born in Providence, R. I. in 1800, and came to Dayton in 1830, settling on lot 60, the place now owned by Andrew Spire. He died in 1882. His wife, Polly Nichols, was born in Mohawk Valley in 1802 and died February 4, 1894 in the town of Dayton. Of their children, Henry T. Rice was born in the town of Dayton May 4, 1834, where he has since resided excepting for a time during the war of the rebellion, an honored and upright citizen. Mr. Rice enlisted in Co. H., 44th N. Y. Vols. and was a good soldier. The last day of the seven days fight he was shot through the left groin and was left on the field for seven days and then taken as a prisoner to Richmond and placed in a tobacco warehouse. At the second exchange of prisoners he was taken to Fortress Monroe and from there he wrote home and his father came after him. Returning to South Dayton he settled on the farm now owned by Charles Miller and at the present time resides on a farm a short distance from the village. Mr. Rice is a well read man. For a time he was postmaster at South Dayton.. He married September 7, 1864 Ellen Young, daughter of Henry Young. They have had three children. Cora, born June 8, 1865, married October 28, 1883, Wilson Hubbard and now resides near Cottage; Lee E., born January 1, 1872, Married Leo Smith January 8, 1892, and now resides near Cottage. Norman R. born February 4, 1886, now living at home.

    Orange Remington was born in Rutland County, Vt. June 2, 1810, came to Onondaga County, and thence to Dayton in 1832. Here he cleared a farm in the south part of the town and died there in 1871. November 11, 1835 he married Mary D. Mayo and his children were Hebsabec, born November 8, 1837 ; Wallace W., born June 30, 1839 ; Garrett P. born September 5, 1841, and George W., born February 25, 1845. Geo. W. married Alice Dean. Garrett P. married July 4, 1861 Augusta, daughter of Darius and Mary A. (Merrill) Markham, who was born in Dayton, January 20, 1846. He was a soldier of the civil war and is now a farmer at Markham.

    E. S. Slawson was born in Hanover, N. Y. November 5, 1838. He moved from Nashville to South Dayton in 1883, where he lived until he was killed by the falling of a tree January 9, 1887. He married December 21, 1857, Frances Peterman of Nashville, who was born in Forestville, May 30, 1840 and who still survives him. There were born to them three children : Anna, born May 8, 1861, married to D. S. Howe of Parisville, N. Y. and died February 9, 1897; Bradner H., born November 15, 1862, resides at Cherry Creek; Nellie B., born December 23, 1864, married Walter Andrews and now resides at Grenare, Pa. E. S. Slawson was a vocal instructor and had an excellent reputation as a leader and conductor of singing conventions.

    Augustus Seeber was born July. 5, 1839, in Herkimer County, N. Y. He moved to Leon in 1865 and to South Dayton in 1897. He married May 7, 1864, Charlotte Edick, who was also born in Herkimer County, October 28, 1844. They have two children, Vern, born September 22, 1869, he married Carrie Wood in 1891, and resides at South Dayton; Hess, born February 2, 1878, he married Hannah Fox in June 1897, and they reside at Little Falls, N. Y.

    Adam Smith was born June 9, 1832 in Alselce, France. He came to America in 1848, settling at Tonawanda. He moved to Perrysburg in 1856 and thence to Cottage in March, 1876, where he now resides. He married October 17, 1856 Elizabeth Knopf of Buffalo. They had eight children, Henry, born in 1857, Adam in 1859, Chas. in 1860, Phillip in 1863, deceased; Flora in 1866, Mary died in infancy; Lettie in 1870, and George in 1876.

    Hiram Sherman, an Englishman by birth, came to New Albion as an early settler and died there in 1861. He married twice and of his ten children, Alvin H. died January 3, 1901.

    Abraham Sprague, son of Reuben and Huldah Sprague was born at Hamburg, N. Y., married Louisa, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Shaw) Oakes. They had two children, Juliette, who married Geo. W. Winslow, and now resides at Smith's Mills; and Emory, born Feb. 1, 1863, now resides with his widowed mother at South Dayton.

    Philemon Studley, son of Jonathan and Lois (Huntley) Studley, natives of New England, was born March 27, 1817, settled in Pomfret and finally removed to Dayton, he married first, Elvira Starks, second Chloe A. Adams, and third Alvira Darling. His children were Mary E., Charles A., David, Maria and Marion. Charles and David served in the Civil war, the latter dying in Vicksburg, June 9, 1863.

    Benjamin Waite, born in Washington County, came to East Leon with his father in 1830 and died there in 1891. He married Martha, daughter of George Barse and their children were Vermelia, Fred, Lucy and Albert. Albert Waite was born in Dayton, March 7, 1858, and on February 28, 1882 married Ella, daughter of Horace and Adelia S. (Poland) Peck. He is now a farmer and lives near South Dayton.

    Elijah Wells, Jr., son of Elijah and Lydia Wells of Massachusetts, was born in Conway in that State, moved to Oneida County and finally to Perrysburg where he died. By his wife Mercy Hopkins he had these children: Thomas, John, Clarissa, Dexter, Elijah and Luther Elijah Wells was born in Sangersfield, Oneida County, November 1, 1813. He came to Perrysburg with his father and April 7, 1842 married Lovina, daughter of John and Julia Farnsworth who bore him children as follows: John L., Julia A., Clarissa, Jonathan S., Adelbert C. and Eleanor. Mrs. Wells died at the age of seventy-eight. Mr. Wells is still living and resides at Dayton. A. C. Wells married Lillie Smith. John L. Wells enlisted in the 64th Regiment and died at Camp California in 1862 of typhoid fever.

    Alanson Wilcox became a settler of this town at the age of twenty years. He served in the war of 1812. His son William C. was born here in 1845 and was twice married.

    Alonzo Wood, son of George, married 1844 Betsey Satterly of Otto. He served in Co. A. 9th N. Y. Cavalry. He is a farmer and resides at Dayton.

    Lemuel H. Wood was an early comer to Leon where he died in 1853. His son Daniel T. born in 1830, married Sarah Wells. He served in Co. K. 64th N. Y. Vols. He has been assessor of the town for several years and resides at South Dayton.

    William Wolfe Jr. was born January 31, 1859. He is a son of William Wolfe who was born November 10, 183'3, in Germany and who now resides at Fair Plain. Mr. Wolfe Jr. married January 4, 1880 Minnie Silleman, daughter of Leopold and Louisa (Fass) Silleman and she was born May 24, 1862. Their children are Bertha E. born July 4, 1881, she married February 27, 1897, Merrill Rhodes ; Nora M. born June 13, 1885 ; Laura J. born June 3, 1888; Mabel born November 5, 1890, died September 17, 1892; Esther W. born November 2, 1894; William Arthur born January 13, 1898. Mr. Wolfe is a farmer at Fair Plain.

    Frederick Weigand was born in Saxony, Germany, December 4, 1825 and came to America in 1849, settling near Buffalo. He removed to Markham in 1857 where he now resides. October 27, 1850 he married Johanna Kiel, who was also born in Germany August 13, 1826 and came to this country in 1818. To them have been born five children. Emma, born July 28, 1851, married Hiram Pierce and now resides at Gowanda; Charles, born April 22, 1853, resides near South Dayton; Louis H. (see Markham); Sarah, born March 28, 1857, married Thos. Phillips and now resides near Eden; Mary, born May 28, 1859, married Louis Limberg and resides in Buffalo.

    Frederick Wachter was born in Brague, Switzerland, September 26, 1834. He emigrated to America in 1854, settling at Gowanda. He came to Dayton in 1858 where he died April 30, 1894. April 13, 1856 he married Julia O'Niel, who was born in Ireland, May 14, 1832 and came to America in 1852. Their children were Wm. H., born March 10, 1857, died June 4, 1891; Anna, born March 10, 1859, married Wm. Brader and now resides at New Castle, Pa.; John, born May 10, 1861, now resides at Rochester, N. Y. ; Margaret J., born June 23, 1863, married Joseph McCourt and now resides at Dayton ; Frederick, born Feb. 27, 1866, died in infancy ; Francis X., born Feb. 26, 1868, married Mary Fox and is now a blacksmith at Dayton; Dennis J., born July 29, 1$70, married Lucy Morrison; Julia M. born Nov. 30, 1873, married Charles EI. Maher, Nov. 27, 1900, they now reside at Dayton.

    Gideon Webster was born at Warsaw, N. Y., April 27, 1812. At an early date he commenced the manufacture of leather at Gowanda, N. Y., (then Lodi) and continued in that business for many years with a reasonable degree of success. He then retired from the leather business and engaged in business as a dry goods merchant at Gowanda and continued in that business for a number of years. His goods and store were destroyed by fire at the time that nearly all the business portion of Gowanda was burned. Soon after he settled on what was known as the Waterman farm near the village where he remained until 1867, when he sold his farm and removed to Alleghany City, Pa. There he engaged in lumbering which he followed until 1872 when he removed to Fredonia where he died Oct. 2, 1895. He was twice married. The first time to Maria Spencer, a daughter of Judge Phineas Spencer. She died at an early age and he was then married to Abigail Grannis who still survives him. At his decease he left two children. One an unmarried daughter and the other the wife of Clarence H. Lake, the late Sheriff of Chautauqua County, who now resides at Jamestown, N. Y. Some time about 1860, Mr. Webster became the owner of large tracts of land in the Town of Dayton, which were covered with a heavy growth of pine and other valuable timber. These lands rapidly increased in value and from the timber and the land he obtained a considerable addition to his already fairly acquired wealth. He was a man of great tenacity and strength of purpose. He had convictions of his own upon all subjects of which he had any considerable knowledge and he had no hesitation in making them known. He was a man of stern integrity and highly respected by those who were associated with him in business. His keen intellect and unerring judgment made him a man of more than ordinary ability and intelligence. He was faithful to his friends but was not a man to spend much time on those whom he did not like. He was a man of large stature, being more than six feet in height, erect and a fine specimen of physical manhood. He could , not do too much for those whom he respected nor to little for those whom he did not like In every community where he resided he was held in the highest esteem and was worthy of that esteem. As one of the pioneers of this part of the state he will long be remembered by those who were the recipients of his favors and who remember his kindly ways. - N. M. A. (written by Norman M. Allen)

    George Young was born in Lansingburg, Rensslear  (Renssalaer) Co., N. Y., Oct. 22, 1805, and died at South Dayton, Jan. 11, 1892. He married April 30, 1858, Emily Sherman, who was born Feb. 2, 1820, in Hanover, N. Y., and died Nov. 28, 1898. Their eight children were: Charles, who died when ten years of age; Isabelle, who married Rev. A. W. Bushee, now resides at Traverse City, Mich. ; Emma, who married Mr. Barry, now resides at Albion, Mich. ; George, who resides on the old homestead at South Dayton; Millie, who married J. E. Cushman, now resides at Silver Creek; Grace, who married E. F. Beach, now resides at Hanover Center; Sherman E., who resides at Hamlet; Eva I., who married W. Waxam, and resides near Nashville, N.Y.

    J. P. Zanger was born Dec. 27, 1856. He is a son of Phillip Zanger, who was born Jan. 24, 1811, in France and died Feb. 22, 1893. His mother Henrietta Minach, was born in Saxony, Germany and died Feb. 13, 1892. J. P. Zanger married May 18, 1881, Lena Silleman and they have one son Farm Merton, born Nov. 16, 1882. Mr. Zanger is a farmer in Fair Plain.

By their own efforts they have been successful.

            THE TOWN of Dayton has sent out many noble sons who have been successful and made a mark in life.  By industry, economy and perseverance, a goodly number of them have accumulated a competency.  These boys were not reared in the lap of luxury.  They had nothing but their own exertions and indominatable will to depend upon, and they proved their best capital.  The sons of many rich men who begin life with the capital which so many poor young men covet, frequently die beggars.  It would probably not be going to far to say that a large majority of such monied individuals either fail outright, or gradually eat up the capital with which they commenced their career.  The reason is plain.  Brought up in expensive habits, they spend entirely too much.  Educated with high notions of personal importance, they will not “stoop” to hard work.  Is it not astonishing, therefore, that they are all passed in the race of life by others of less capital, but more energy, thrift and industry?  For these virtues, after all, are worth more than money.  In fact, they make money, and after it is made it enables the possessor to keep it, which most rich men declare to be more difficult than the making.  Dayton is proud of these sons for they are examples of what hard work, perseverance and economy will accomplish.


            Eugene A. Nash was born near Nashville, Chautauqua County, and March 28, 1837.  His great-grandfather on his father’s side was of English descent and served as a soldier in this Revolutionary war from the State of Connecticut.  His grandfather, on his father’s side settled in the town of Dayton in 1810 and served on the Board of Supervisors from that town for many years.  He had a brother Aaron Nash, killed in battle in the war of 1812 at Black Rock.  He had a nephew Oscar Winship, who distinguished himself as an officer of the regular army in the Mexican war.  The father of Eugene Nash was born in the town of Dayton in 1811.  He went to California in 1849 and died there the same year.  Mr. Nash lived on a farm until he was about fourteen or fifteen years of age.  He then attended a term of school at Gowanda and a term at Silver Creek.  The balance of the time he worked on a farm until he was sixteen years of age, when he went to the state of Wisconsin, taught district schools two terms and worked on a farm when not otherwise employed.  He then took a four years’ course in Albion Academy in Wisconsin and graduated, standing first in his class.  After gradating he taught Latin and mathematics in that academy one year and then received an urgent offer to continue his connection with that institution.  He entered the junior class of the classical course of the State University at Madison, Wis.  He next entered the senior class after passing the examination at Alfred University of this state, where he graduated in 1860 in the classical course and received the degree A.B.  Being in debt he engaged with L.K. Thatcher in building a book store and in putting in a stock of books.  They soon sold the store and stock of books at a small profit, Mr. Nash’s part of which was used in taking a course at the Albany Law School from which institution he graduated in 1861, receiving the degree of L.L.B.  On his graduation he was admitted to the bar.  On August 8, 1861, he enlisted as a private in the 44th N.Y. Vols. Which was also known as the People’s Ellsworth Regiment.  Before leaving the rendezvous at Albany he was promoted to the position of second lieutenant and after the battle of Hanover Court House was appointed acting adjutant of his regiment.  After the seven days fight in Virginia he was promoted to the rank of captain for gallant and meritorious conduct in battle.  For about one year he served as Asst. Inspector General of the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corps.  After the battle of the wilderness he commanded his regiment until the battle of Bethesda Church.  He passed Casey’s Board in the spring of 1864 after an extended examination, was commissioned lieutenant Colonel of the United State Colored troops and assigned to the command of the twenty-third United Stated Colored troops.  This last command he was unable to assume on account of a wound received after passing the examination and before receiving the commission.  He was in every battle in which his regiment was engaged, except when disabled by wounds.  He was twice wounded.  He served in the army for over three years.  After the expiration of his term of service he was offered the colonelcy of a regiment to remain in the army, but was disabled by wound from accepting the same.  After the war he received from Alfred University the degree of A.M.  He spent the winter of 1865 in the employ of the State, after which he went to Kansas City and resumed the study of the law.  He commenced the practice of law at Cattaraugus in 1868 and continued to practice at that place until 1873 when he was elected county clerk and removed to Little Valley.  While practicing at Cattaraugus, H.M. Herrick studied law with him and after his admission they formed a co-partnership which continued until Mr. Nash removed to the County seat.  After the expiration of his term he formed a partnership with C.Z. Lincoln for the practice of law which continued until the later part of the year 1885.  A year afterwards he formed a partnership with Burdette A. Rich and later John M. Willson was taken into the firm, the new partnership being known as Nash, Rich & Willson.  Colonel Nash was a member of Assembly from the second district of Cattaraugus in 1884-1885 and the latter year was a member of the Judiciary Committee.  He was a member of the Board of Supervisors for eighteen years, four from New Albion and fourteen from Little Valley.  He married Agie C. Clark of Perrysburg.  Colonel Nash has taken an active interest in military affairs since the war and in everything that tends to benefit the “old soldiers.”  He was the chairman of the commission to build the County Clerk’s office and is at present the attorney for the Seneca Nation of Indians. 

            Luther Allen Sr. came to the town of Dayton about the year 1818 and resided here most of the time until decease, Feb. 20, 1847.  At his decease he left two sons and one daughter.  He was twice married; the first time to Huldah Benedict who was the mother of two of his children and who died in 1837.  He was married the second time in 1840 and by this second wife was born Luther Allen, the subject of this sketch.  He was born at Gowanda, July 20, 1846.  His father died in February 1847, when the son was burn seven months old.  His mother Lois (Leland) Allen died but a few years afterward.  He was cared for by his sister and brother and resided with his brother, N.M. Allen and with his sister until he was about sixteen years of age, when he removed to Milwaukee and became interested in the Railroad business.  Sometime before he attained his majority he became the station agent at Racine, Wis., from which place he went to Chicago in the employ of the L.S. & M.S.R.R. and was soon promoted to the position of traveling auditor of that road.  After some years service with them he accepted the position of auditor of the Northern pacific which he held until the completion of that road when he resigned to accept a similar position with the Toledo, Wabash and Western.  After remaining there for some years he engaged in the banking business at Cleveland, Ohio, where he was married and where he still resides.  He has also been the superintendent of a railroad in Michigan and latterly has been one of the principle officers of the Globe Iron Works at Cleveland, Ohio, which company has been engaged in the construction of steamships and has built some of the largest and finest on the lakes.  Mr. Allen is now engaged in the construction of a railroad ion northern Ohio.  He has held many important and responsible positions among which is the Presidency of the Chamber of Commerce of Cleveland, Ohio.  Eight years ago he was elected on the republican ticket as one of the electors for the state of Ohio.  President McKinley being elected on the same ticket as an elector.  Mr. Allen is a man of extraordinary business ability and a man of great energy and activity.  He is universally respected and honored by all who are favored by his acquaintance.


            Fenton Marion Parke, son of Andrew G. and Mary D. (Hall) Parke, was born in Leon, N.Y., September 21, 1866.  He received his education in the public school at Wesley, and at Chamberlain Institute, Randolph, from which school he graduated in 1888.  Al his time except while in Chamberlain Institute was spent on his father’s farm, until he was of age.  He taught his home school from 1888 to 1889.  During the latter summer he studied at Chautauqua, and taught as principal of the Village school at Leon, 1889 and in June 1890, he entered upon the study of law in the office of Messrs. Henderson & Wentworth, at Randolph, where he remained until fall, when he accepted a position as instructor of the Commercial Department at his old school, Chamberlain Institute.  Here he taught and continued law studies.  At the close of the year he went to Buffalo and entered the office of Judge Hammond, preparatory to a law school course.  Before the fall opening of the law school, his health, which had been very poor from boyhood and during all his school career, became completely impaired; after a serious illness he was obliged to abandon his studies and seek more active business.  He soon became associated in 1892, with Kingley, and helped build up one of the largest real estate, loan and fire insurance businesses in Buffalo, making a specialty of high-class business, residence and manufacturing properties.  He has been very successful and has succeeded in accumulating a good property.  Most young who go from the country to the city are unable to stand the glare of the electric lights, fall in with bad associates, become dissipated and soon drop out of sight.  Such has not been the case with Mr. Parke, his associates have been good and he has a large acquaintance among a good class of Buffalo’s business and professional men.  He is much interested in educational, philanthropic and church matters, and has done considerable along these lines in his adopted city.


            A man whose life has not only been one of usefulness and educational activity, but of genial, quiet manner and kindly deeds I Prof. G.E. Waller, a prominent and highly respected citizen of Little Valley, N.Y.  He was born November 21, 1860, in the town of Hartford, Wash. Co., N.Y.  When six years of age he moved with his parents to the town of Dayton, locating at Wesley.  He was educated at Houghton Seminary, Allegany County, after which he began teaching and has had experience in teaching from the district school to the high school.  He taught his first term of school on Wells hill, in the town of Leon in 1880-1881, after which he spent a considerable time in attending school.  Following this he taught at Wesley and Perrysburg, he was principal of Dayton Union School from 1889 to 1892.  In September, 1892, he went to Little Valley as principle of the school in that town.  When he took charge of the school there it was a union school employing four teachers.  In 1895 the school was admitted to the University of the State of New York, with the rank of senior grade; in 1897 it was raised to the rank of High School and employed seven teachers.  On April 7, 1899, he resigned his position as principal of that school to accept the appointment of School Commissioner of the newly created Third Commissioner District of Cattaraugus County.  In November 1899, he was elected to the same office, which he now acceptably and creditably holds.  Prof. Waller married August 12, 1891, Lottie W. Graves, who is also a teacher of ability.  They have one child Harold Graves, born October 7, 1895.  Prof. Waller has always labored faithfully and efficiently in the advancement of education.


            Charles Hull Ewing was born July 11, 1868, at Randolph, N.Y.  He is the son of Robert Finley Ewing, the founder of the village of South Dayton, and Aurelia (Culver) Ewing.  He lived in Randolph until he was eight years of age, when his father moved to South Dayton.  His boyhood was spent here and his early schooling was received here and in Cleveland, Ohio.  He prepared for college at Oberlin, Ohio, and graduated from Yale University in the class of 1893, where he received a Phi Beta Kappa appointment for excellence in scholarship.  After finishing his schooling he spent two years in manufacturing in the lumber regions of Mississippi, and since 1896 has been engaged in the real estate and loan business in Chicago, Illinois.  He is an exceptionally bright young man and has been very successful.


            Horace H. Hubbard was born at Dayton, near where the village of South Dayton now stands, in the year 1846.  He is the oldest son of Philander W. and Jane (Newcomb) Hubbard and lived with his parents and worked on the farm until he was seventeen years of age attending the common schools of the town when he could be spared from farm work.  He then attended Alfred University at Alfred, N.Y., after which he clerked for about two years in the general store at Perrysburg, N.Y.  He next went to Buffalo to accept a position as invoice and shipping clerk in the Buffalo Union Iron Works and remained with them for about two years.  After leaving the Iron Works he married and removed to Almo, Michigan, where he farmed for eight years.  From there he removed to Dayton and was employed in a saw mill and at the carpenter’s trade until about 1886, when he again went west and entered the service of the Northern Pacific Ry. Co., working on telegraph construction until the spring of 1888 and then as clerk of a land examination party during that summer.  In the fall of 1888 he located at Cheney, Washington, and purchased a book, stationery and fruit store there which he owned for about ten years.  In June, 1898 he went to Spokane, Washington, and purchased a grocery store which he conducted until the fall of that year when he was elected Auditor of Spokane County on the Republican ticket.  While in Cheney he held a leading position in the affairs of that city, being a member of the city council two years and mayor one year.  He also has been prominent and active in the politics of the county and state and has been a delegate to many state and local conventions.  Mr. Hubbard has filled the office of Auditor satisfactorily to the people and in November 1900, was elected for a second term.  He owns a nice home which he has built since going to Spokane at 2004 Sharp Avenue where he now resides, surrounded by the comforts of life.  He has numerous mining interests which are located in the Colville Reservation, Wash., in the Trout Lake Country, B.C.  and in the Couer D. Alene District, Idaho. These properties are becoming very valuable.  Mr. Hubbard is a member of the F.& A.M., Red Men, Junior Order of American Mechanics, Eastern Star and is also a member of the Chamber of Commerce of Spokane, Washington.  Mr. Hubbard was married in Dayton, February 8, 1868 to Miss Adell Neare, daughter of Charles Neare.  They have three children, Clarence G., who is a passenger conductor on the Northern Pacific Ry., and now resides in Spokane; Edith D., wife of Marshall M. Taylor, a merchant of Wallace, Idaho, and Rollin C., who is Deputy County Auditor and resides with his parents.


            Irving R. Leonard was born in the town of Dayton, September 3, 1853, and is the only son of Joseph N. and Maryette Leonard.  His life till early manhood was spent on the farm, for which he still retains a liking.  He received his education at the district school and the Forestville Academy, and for several terms was a school teacher, after which he began the study of law in the office of Allen & Thrasher at Dayton, and was admitted to the bar at Rochester in October, 1877.  For the past 22 years he has practiced at Gowanda.  For a time he was a partner of Hon. J.M. Congdon, district attorney; later of O.D. Sprague, clerk of the board of supervisors; is now and has been for the past 111 years partner of Hon. W.S. Thrasher, county judge, Mr. Thrasher living at Dayton and Mr. Leonard at Gowanda.  He was never candidate for or held office other than that of local character.  Was president of the village of Gowanda of three terms, and is now serving his third term as supervisor of the town of Persia, which includes a part of the village of Gowanda.  He was married June 21, 1882, to Emma M. Schaack of Gowanda.  They have one child, John, born November 21, 1892.


            George E. Merrill, the present popular and efficient cashier of the Bank of Holland of Holland, N.Y., was born December 6, 1866, at Northeast, Pa.  He is a son of Edward A. and Margaret (Marshall) Merrill, and a grandson of Heman Merrill, an early settler of the town of Dayton (Pioneer Residents).  When he was two years of age his father died leaving his mother with four small children and in the most stringent of circumstances.  His mother taught in the schools of Northeast for five years during which time her children were living with relatives.  In 1875 they moved to Dayton and established a home.  Mrs. Merrill continued to teach and through her efforts her son Geo. E was kept in school at Dayton as much as possible and afterwards attended the Fredonia Normal for one year.  When seventeen years of age he taught a district school for one winter after which he went to work for the Erie R.R. Co. at Dayton, as baggage man.  Here he remained for one year and then found employment for three years in the express office of the Erie Express Co., (afterwards the Wells Fargo Express Co.) at Bradford and Hornellsville.  He then went into his uncle’s office (N.M. Allen) at Dayton with the intention of studying law, but instead worked into the banking business.  When Mr. Allen decided to close up his active banking business, Mr. Merrill was offered a position in the Bank of Cattaraugus which he accepted, and filled for three years.  In 1893, when the Bank of Holland was being organized, the position of Cashier was offered to him if he would accept and complete the organization which he did and he has remained there since. Mr. Merrill is a young man of great energy, careful habits, and marked business ability.  He possesses many good qualities and enjoys the esteem and respect of his wife circle of acquaintances.  He married in 1894, Abbie E. Lattin of Cattaraugus, and they have one daughter, born in 1898.  In speaking of his career, Mr. Merrill said: “What little success in life that has come to me is due almost entirely to the efforts and influence of my mother, one of the noblest and most self-sacrificing women that ever lived.”


            Glenn A. Alden of Jamestown is one of the representative self-made men of Western New York, a man of good judgment, of remarkable energy, and strong will, but generous and kind with all and ever ready to assist in whatever would benefit his city and his fellows.  He is a son of David S. and Delana (Hubbard) Alden (See Cottage Section) and was born December 20, 1863, at Cottage, N.Y.  Mr. Alden’s education was limited.  He began life by working around among the farmers and cutting wood.  When seventeen years of age, he went to Duke Center, Pa. and began clerking for Joseph Randall, where he remained for four months.  He then went to Olean and found employment in his uncle’s, J.B. Alden’s store, where he remained for one year.  He then accepted a position as a traveling salesman for Park & Parker of the Fredonia Shirt Co., selling shirts, his territory being the state of Ohio.  He continued at this for about six months when he was induced by the same parties to sell the rock washer machine made by them.  In company C.D. Dailey of Nashville, they took a number of the machines and went to Canada.  This venture was a total failure and Mr. Alden lost his all.  Not disheartened, nor discouraged, he accepted a position with Damsville & Sillesky of Lockport, selling shirts.  He remained with them for six years when he firm dissolved, Mr. Damsville retiring, since that time Mr. Alden has been the faithful and energetic salesman of Daniel R. Sillesky & Co., makers of custom shirts, Lockport, N.Y.  He has as his territory the State of Ohio.  Mr. Alden owns the old homestead at Cottage, a farm of 203 acres, on which are good buildings.  He employs a number of people there the year round.  He also owns 75 acres of land at Fair Plain.  He has a fine residence at 201 Lake View Avenue, Jamestown, and in this beautiful and pleasant home he and his estimable wife delight to entertain and welcome their friends, whose number include many who are prominent in business and social life.  Mr. Alden married December 6, 1888, Alta J. Faulkiner, of Hamlet, N.Y.  Their children are: Delana T., born November 3, 1892 and Albert Glenn, born November 17, 1897.  Mr. Alden’s life is one worthy of study, and indicates what can be done by perseverance, courage and energy.


            Milan J. Brown was born in the town of Villenova, October 31, 1868.  There he lived the life of the ordinary farm boy for several years, when the family moved to Westfield.  A year later they returned, and shortly after the Buffalo and Jamestown R.R. was built the family moved to South Dayton where the home is still occupied by the widowed mother. When about fourteen years old, Mr. Brown entered the office of the Pine Valley News as an apprentice and a year or two later, when Chas. J. Shults moved the office to Cherry Creek and consolidated it with the Monitor of that place, he went with the paper.  About two years later he went south, through Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee to satisfy the desire for travel, working at his trade in different places, and on his return a few months later he went to Chicago, where he worked for two years in the office of the Prarie Farmer, the American Contractor and Druggists’ Gazette.  He went back to the Cherry Creek News on his return and after a few months, went to Arcade to take the foremanship of the Leader, then edited by Frank P. Hulette.  After a year and a half with the Leader he returned to Cherry Creek, but being possessed with that uneasy disposition contagious with printers, he went to Brookfield, N.Y., where he worked several months on the Courier.  Returning again to Cherry Creek, he shortly after went to East Randolph where he worked several months on the Enterprise, from there to Niagara Falls, where he was foreman of the Press office, and from there he again returned to East Randolph.  In August 1898 he was married to Alma C. Covert of East Randolph, and the following fall he left the office and passed the winter on the farm of his wife’s parents.  In the spring of ’94 he went to Clay City, Ky. To purchase the Chronicle, but the roughness of Eastern Kentucky deterred him from the contemplated purchase, and after a brief trip in Tennessee he returned to East Randolph and in July of ’94 he went to Little Valley and founded the Spy.  Altho’ stared in the face of the financial panic of that period and on the heels of two former newspaper failures in that place, yet the paper was a success from start.  Having a natural aptitude for politics he was soon associated with many of the leading politicians of the county and the Spy was soon considered one of the factors in western New York politics, and his original expressions and peculiar style of writing won him much favorable newspaper comment and many press quotations.  June 14, 1898, just four years to a day from the time he went to Little Valley, he was appointed postmaster of that place, which office he sill holds and which pays an annual salary of $1,700.  In February, 1899, finding the work of the two offices too great, he sold the Spy to Arthur J. Salisbury and the name was changed to the Herald.  Since this time he has given his personal attention to the duties of the post-office, yet in the meantime devoting considerable time I special writing for the New York Journal, Buffalo Courier and Olean Times.  He is a member of Arion Lodge, F.& A.M. at Little Valley, and of Salamanca Chapter266, R.A.M.  He has one son, Hart, who was born in Little Valley January 12, 1895.


            William S. Wickham, a son of John and Cynthia (Shults) Wickham, was born May 21, 1859.  He commenced his business career with his father, who had valuable and diversified interests at South Dayton, where he remained most of the time until about 1885, when he went to Salamanca and embarked in the lumber and wood-working business, which business he now successfully conducts.  On December 5, 1881 he married Susie D. Smith, a daughter of Marvin E. and Roba (Ames) Smith of South Dayton.  Mr. Wickham is a social and a fraternal companion, being a mason in several bodies.  He is a successful business man and a popular citizen of the Reservation City.


            The world is full of men who have achieved success with the assistance of parents, relatives and friends, but a self-made man, one thrown upon his own resources at a tender age, to whom the world can point, before his forty-second year is reached, and say, “there is a successful man,” is indeed rare.  Such a man is the one whose name heads this sketch.  Mr. Benton was born October 25, 1859, at Cottage.  In august, 1874 he went to Gowanda and there learned the marble and granite trade of Farnham & Taylor, remaining with them for six years.  On March 1, 1883, he moved to Cherry Creek, and embarked in the marble and granite business on a large scale.  Many of the handsome monuments and tombstones of his are to be seen throughout Western New York, notably among these are the soldiers’ monuments at Cherry Creek, Portland and Randolph, which are greatly admired for their artistic beauty.  Mr. Benton is a good business man, knows how to do business and how to make business friends.  At Cherry Creek he was elected as one of the first trustees of the village, he has done much to help build up that town, and is one of its most progressive and substantial citizens.  On June 20, 1883 he married Nettie Tanner, daughter of Revilo N. and Jane (Wilcox) Tanner, who was born June 12, 1864.  They have two children, Erie R, born August 19, 1884 and Merle J., born February 21, 1895.  From a small beginning he has risen, thrust aside the barriers and today is a solid man, commanding the respect of all.  John Benton (father) was born March 1, 1824, near Littleport, Cambridgeshire, England.  He came to America when 22 years of age, settling at Albany, where he remained until 1854, when he came to Dayton, where he died October 28, 1893, at Cottage.  He married February 24, 1847, Ann Hugett, who was born in Kent, England, March 3, 1821, coming to America when six years of age, now residing at Cottage.  Their children were: Wm. M., born March 17, 1849, he married first Addie Taylor, second Mary Hoffman, and they reside at Cedar Falls, Iowa; Mary Jane, born June 4, 1851, she died July 28, 1878; Susan, born September 12, 1853, she married Lawrence Schrott, and reside at Gowanda; Frances born April 4, 1856, she married August Beebe, and they reside at Persia; Isaac S., (subject); Edward, born January 21, 1862, he married Helen Newcomb and resides at Cottage; Mark, born July 20, 1866, he married Nola Studley and they reside at Gowanda.


             Among the prominent business men of the city of Jamestown, John B. Alden stands in the first rank.  He is a son of Israel H. and Mary (Hooker) Alden, (see Cottage Section) and was born October 16, 1852, in the town of Dayton.  He was reared at Cottage, received his education at the Jamestown High School and at the Meadville Business College.  He began his active career by clerking for Lammers & Alden, at Petroleum Center, Pa., where he remained one year when he accepted a position with Suggart & Starr, at Titusville, Pa.  He then embarked in the clothing business at St. Petersburg, Pa., conducting a branch store at Edenburg, Pa.  These stores he successfully conducted for several years when he sold and went to Franklin, Pa.  He remained there for about six months when he went to Olean and engaged in the clothing business on quite an extensive scale, having branch stores at Jamestown, Bradford, Pa. and Minneapolis, Minn.  He went to Jamestown in 1887, and is now doing a very profitable business at 219 Main Street of that city.  He carries everything in the line of clothing, gents’ furnishing, hats, caps, trunks, etc., etc.  Mr. Alden married Carrie A. Ball of Fredonia.  Their children are Mary Dale, born January 26, 1877; Anna Howard, born January 26, 1879, she married December 12, 1900, A.M. Briggs, and they reside in Chicago; Lizzie Haywood, born August 7, 1886, she died July 15, 1899.  Mr. Alden’s career has been one of success.  Starting in life without a dollar he has gradually ascended the scale until now he possesses all the material wealth that one could reasonably desire.


            Residents of South Dayton will recall the subject of the portrait printed here as Mrs. Ida Worden Wheeler.  For a period of about 18 months she was a resident of that village.  In that length of time Mrs. Wheeler made many warm friends who followed her later career with interest and who sincerely mourned her death, which occurred at a comparatively early period when her remarkable talents had won recognition and were in the first stages of their bloom.  During their stay in South Dayton, Mrs. Wheeler often assisted her husband in his editorial work on the pine Valley News.  She created and maintained a column of impersonal gossip under the caption of “Timothy Tramp.”  It was a feature of the News and won for that paper and its gifted writer much commendation.  After her departure from South Dayton, Mrs. Wheeler returned with her husband to Buffalo.  There she began a literary career which was continued up to the time she was stricken with an illness which defied medical aid and proved fatal.  Verse of a high order of excellence and prose of extreme merit flowed from her pen, and found welcome places in the leading magazines and higher classes of newspapers.  For several seasons in succession Mrs. Wheeler represented the Buffalo Express at Lilly Dale.  Thorough in her methods and conscientious to a marked degree, she wrote of affairs in that unique resort as she found them.  Her exposures of the chicanery practiced there by some of the so-called spiritual mediums created a great sensation and brought down on her head a storm of fury from those who suffered thereby.  At the risk of her life, and the sacrifice of her health, Mrs. Wheeler fought the fight until some of the most bold and conscienceless of the gang that infested the resort were compelled to flee from the grounds.  At periods when not engaged in newspaper work she turned her attention to fiction and produced a number of short stories which were published in magazines.  She made a specialty of interviewing well known writers, and in this was extremely successful.  The most ambitious work of her pen was a volume printed in 1896 by the Arena Company of Boston, entitled, “Siegfried the Mystic.” It was primarily a novel, but embodied occult experiences.  This book earned her prominence in circles interested along the lines it touched on.  It also brought her many letters of commendation penned by those whose hearts it touched.  Mrs. Wheeler was born in Niagara County in 1857.  She passed away in 1894.  Her memory is held in loving regard by all whose privilege it was to know her intimately.

            Frank J. Wheeler was born in Niagara County, N.Y., in July 1854.  He learned the printers trade in every department at Lockport, N.Y., after which he went to Buffalo and found employment on the Courier where he remained until 1883 when he went to South Dayton and purchased the Pine Valley News, (see press at South Dayton).  Returning to Buffalo he was engaged as proof reader in the Times office, which position he filled for about five years.  For the past eleven years he has been state editor of that paper.  This position he most creditably fills, his department being a leading feature of that paper.  Mr. Wheeler is an exceptionally good writer, a newspaper man of uncommon ability, and his writings is a source of much help to country editors in the territory contiguous to Buffalo.


            Norman S. Thrasher was born at Dayton, August 3, 1870.  His father, Hon. W.S. Thrasher came to the town of Dayton from New Hampshire in 1868, and in 1869 married Mary, daughter of Hon. Norman M. and Huldah (Merrill) Allen.  His early life was spent at Dayton, where he remained and attended school until he was about seventeen years of age, when he entered the Normal School at Fredonia and attended there for a year and a half.  In 1889 he was appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and at once entered that institution.  He remained there for about a year when he was obliged to resign on account of poor health.  After remaining at home for about a year to regain his health, he went to New Haven, Conn.  Where he was employed on one of the electric car lines of that city and also in the office of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York.  In 1892 he went to Cleveland, Ohio, and for a time was employed on one of the car lines there.  Later he entered the office of the Globe Iron Works of that city and remained with them in the engineer’s office, and later in the purchasing department until the company was merged in the American Ship Building company with headquarters at Cleveland.  In January, 1900, he was appointed purchasing agent of that company, having risen to that position by a series of promotions, due to his ability and foresight as a business man, and he still fills that position.  In 1894 he was married to Leva M., daughter of John and Philenda (Markham) Wallace of Markham, N.Y.  At the present time their home is at 21 Norton Street, Cleveland, Ohio.


            Everand A. Hayes the subject of this sketch was born in Vermont, September 24, 1850 and is entirely a self-made man.  His first work in Dayton was that of teaching school and it was successful as many now living can testify.  During the time he was teaching, Mr. Hayes studied law in the office of Allen & Thrasher and was admitted to the bar as a lawyer in June 1877.  In 1884 he went to Buffalo, N.Y., where he now holds rank as one of ablest advocates in that city.  He has been the leading counsel for the defense in several important capital cases and is know far and near as one of the most eloquent pleaders in western New York.  Mr. Hayes has not only gained a high reputation as a lawyer, but he also ranks high as a poet and novelist.  Some of his stories have been read from the Atlantic to the Pacific, while his poems possess a sweet and tender harmony that touches the heart.  He is genial as May and generous as Autumn and no one ever came to him in distress who left empty handed if he had means to help.  Mr. Hayes is a member in high standing in the I.O.O.F., K. of P., and is at the present time the High Chief Ranger of Ancient Order of Foresters in the United States, the very highest office in the gift of that great order.


Dear Son-Your letter of the 10th came in the mail today.
And so you want to marry, and you wonder what we’ll say!
Well, Joe your mother here and I have read your letter through,
And she seems to think that I’m the one who’d better lecture you’
For, though in most affairs, of course, there’s nothing quite so nice
As a mother’s letter, still it takes a man to give advice.
Your letter says: “She’s beautiful and handsome as a queen.”
I hope so, Joe and hope you know just what those two words mean.
A beautiful form is one which tells of a beautiful soul within;
A handsome face I one which wears no damning brand of sin;
Beautiful eyes are those that with the fire of pure thought glow;
Beautiful lips are those which speak for a truthful heart below;
The handsomest hands are those not ashamed the Master’s work to do-
Hands that are patient and brave and kind, gentle and strong and true;
Beautiful feet are those which go in answer to duty’s call;
And beautiful shoulders are those which bear their daily burdens all.
Remember this maxim true, my boy, wherever you choose a wife:
“The handsomest woman of earth is she who leads the handsomest life.”
I therefore trust that the woman you wed (if you really love each other)
May be the handsomest one in the world-excepting one-your mother.

                                                                                    - F.S. Pixley

Recollections of Men I Have Known
By Hon. N. M. Allen

              I first made the acquaintance of Horace Greeley about the year 1854 or 1855.  I had prior to that time strong prejudices against his political views and up to that time I had materially differed from him in politics.  About that time there was a breaking-up of the old political parties.  The Anti-Slavery Whigs, called Woolly-heads, of which Mr. Greeley was one, uniting with the Anti-Slavery Democrats, who were known as Barn Burners, and together forming the Republican party, which party Mr. Greeley was one of the foremost in organizing.  To his paper the Tribune and to his own personal influence the Republican party of New York and of the country at large is indebted for its rapid growth as a political party as much as to any other one person, living or dead.  When the first Republican Convention met in Cattaraugus County, I was honored with the nomination to the office of Superintendent of Poor to which I was elected by a plurality of votes, the Democratic and the American or know-nothing parties each having a candidate.  I took office as superintendent January 1, 1855, and held it for two years and then resigned it to accept the office of School Commissioner.  My full term would have been three years.  Sometime about the first of April, 1855, I was called upon by the Overseer of the Poor of the town of Persia to come to this place and see to a family of poor people consisting of a man, a woman and three children, who were tramping through the country in the mud and could go no farther and had brought up at the house of Mr. Eaton the Overseer.  In the discharge of my duty I went to see what was needed to be done for their relief and went with Mr. Eaton to his house where they were.  Addressing the man, I asked him his name, to which he replied that his name was Parker Greeley.  And in a half jocose manner I asked if he was any relation to Horace Greeley?  He replied that he was an uncle to Horace and that he had been west and was trying to work his way back east to the state of Vermont.  I gave little credence to his statement and after making arrangements for the transportation of the whole family to Machias I came home, thinking that there might possibly be some truth about the man’s statement, I addressed a personal letter to Horace Greeley at New York, describing this man and his family and telling him that the man claimed him as his nephew and saying to him that while I gave little credence to the statement I still thought best to write him so that if the family ere what they claimed to be, that he might, if he felt so disposed, aid them in their helpless condition.  To this letter addressed to Mr. Greeley I received a reply as follows:


New York, April, . . .1855.

N.M. Allen, Esq.,

Supt. Of the Poor, Catt. Co., N.Y.


            Your letter of late date received.  The man you write about is my uncle.  He is my father’s youngest brother.  He is an inveterate vagrant, drunkard and liar for whom no one can do anything.  I have done very much for him in times that are past, but it was wrong to do it.  It is contrary to the great law of nature that if a man won’t work he should not eat.  I wish you would bind out the children to good people and draw on me at once for $50 with which to clothe them.  For the old people I will do nothing.  They deserve nothing.  Let them work for a living as I do and they can take care of themselves.


   Horace Greeley.   
            About a month afterward I was at Machias and saw Parker Greeley and his family again and told him of the letter that I had written to Horace Greeley on his account and told him that I had received a reply and then asked him if he would like to hear it read.  He wanted to know at once if Horace had sent him anything.  I told him that he had not and then read him the letter I had received.  He appeared very angry and said he was going to visit all of the Democratic newspaper offices in the country and tell them how Horace Greeley used his relatives.  I suggested that he take a copy of the letter and show it at the offices which he visited but he declined.  He asked me what I was going to do with his children and I told him that I was going to bind them out to good people as soon as I could find good places for them.  A night or two after he absconded with his wife and children and I heard from him some time after in an adjoining county but never after that.

            I was delegate from Cattaraugus County to the Republican State Convention held in Syracuse, in the fall of ’55, and again met Horace Greeley there.  That convention was made up of men of as pure political purposes as ever assembled in the state of New York.  It was made up of men of eminence who were unselfishly devoting their best efforts to build up a party whose corner stone should be Universal Liberty and Non-Extension of Slavery.  No man’s opinion was sought after more or had greater weight in that convention than did that of Mr. Greeley.  I met him in New York and at our State Conventions during the years of the rebellion and each utterance of his carried with it great weight in the deliberations of his party.  He often held opinions with which I did not agree nor did a large portion of his party agree with his views.  He was always five or ten years ahead of his party.  He never advocated anything because it was expedient but always because he thought that it was right.  He had a greater fund of political information than any other man that I ever knew.  In the spring of 1867 he was elected as a member of the constitutional Convention which commenced its sessions on the 4th day of June, 1867.  I, too, had the honor of being elected to a seat in that body and met him almost daily through the sessions which lasted nearly nine months.  He was always ready to give information to seekers for it when asked by them and served as an encyclopedia for all men of all parties in search of political information.  If his duties compelled him to be absent from the sessions of the convention for a day he directed the clerk, in making up his account to deduct his day’s salary for such time as he was away.  The law did not require this and I do not think that any other member of the convention made such deductions for his necessary absences.  Always desirous of completing the work and reaching a final adjournment, he hated long and tiresome speeches and had no patience with anyone engaged in making them.  On one occasion that I recall, a member of the convention who had but little financial ability had been making a long and tiresome speech at the highest pitch his voice could reach upon the question of the State finances.  When he sat down at the conclusion of his speech, Mr. Greeley left his own seat, went over to the orator’s desk and in a low tone of voice, to be heard only by a few of us near by, told the orator that he was d---d fool, and returning to his own seat sat once began to write.  The orator was deeply offended as he felt that he ought to have been congratulated instead of condemned.  He jumped to his feet in great anger and addressing the president of the convention, Hon. Wm. A. Wheeler afterwards the vice-president of the Unite States, stated that he rose to a question of privilege. He was at once recognized and given the opportunity to state his question of privilege, but up to that time evidently had not thought what he would say; he finally stammered out that the gentleman from Westchester had called him a d---d fool.  Another member at once jumped to his feet and shouted that the member from Westchester (Mr. Greeley) would probably like to justify.  The convention was convulsed with laughter but Mr. Greeley never looked up, seeming to be entirely absorbed with his writing, and the episode ended in roars of laughter.

            At one time during the sessions of the convention, a petition was presented headed by the name of Mrs. Greeley, asking that the question of female sufferage might be submitted to a vote of the people and Mr. Greeley was the chairman of the committee on sufferage to whom it was referred.  Distinguished advocates of female sufferage, including Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton, appeared before the committee at a public hearing held at the capitol and which was largely attended.  One of the ladies who had made an able address on that subject asked that anyone who desired her views on any branch of it should ask her questions.  A member from northern New York arose and stated that the right of female sufferage had existed theretofore by the constitution of some states or state and he desired to know when, how and why that right had been taken away.  The ladies were unable to five any answer to the inquiry and Mr. Greeley was appealed to for information.  In answer to the question he made the recital: That at one time in the early history of the country, when the electoral vote was likely and proved to be very closely divided between two parties, it was discovered that the constitution of one of the states was so worded that women might lawfully vote.  The party who made the discovery kept it very quiet except among a few of his own partisans who were directed to see to it that where his party was in control of the polls that men of that party should take their wives to the polls and have them vote.  The information was circulated extensively enough so that a few hundred women cast their votes at that election and as all the women voted one way there were enough of them to carry the electoral vote of that state and the electoral vote of that state thus determined the result of the election and the president thus elected was known thereafter as the women’s president.  When this came to be understood measures were at once taken to amend the constitution of the state by confining the right of sufferage to the male citizens and until comparatively late date women have not the right to vote in any state for presidential electors.

            In 1872 Mr. Greeley was nominated by the liberal Republicans who were unfriendly to Gen. Grant’s administration, as a candidate for the Presidency.  His nomination was at a later date endorsed by the Democratic party at their convention and so he because the candidate of the Democratic party as well as of a faction of the Republicans, who did not admire Gen. Grant’s administration of public affairs.  Mr. Greeley, during the long time that he was editor of the New York Tribune had written many harsh things of the Democratic party, some of which at least were well deserved.  The Grant Republican newspapers conducted their campaign by publishing from week to week in their papers what Mr. Greeley had said about the Democratic party and as these things recalled to the minds of the Democrats by their republication caused a large percentage of the Democrats to refuse to vote for him for the Presidency and he was defeated by a large majority of the electoral vote.  He was worn out by the canvas and soon after died, universally respected for his great ability, his unswerving integrity and his earnest and life long labor rendered for the poor and oppressed.  The last time I saw him was during that campaign.  I then met him at the house of a friend in the city of New York in company with Governor Fenton and Whitelaw Ried, who after Mr. Greeley’s nomination became the chief editor of the Tribune during that campaign.  The interview then had was a lengthy and protracted one lasting for several hours.  Suggestions were made that he should assume certain positions upon certain questions then at issue and to which proposition he declared vehemently that he would rather be defeated for the Presidency than to avow or take any position that would in any way conflict with the convictions of his life.  His estimate of various public men who were both for and against him was quite freely given, and what they had done and what they offered to do about his candidacy were talked over quite freely, and I think it would be a matter of great interest to many people to know what he then said and the estimate he then gave of various public men.  Some of them are still living and it would be unjust to the memory of Mr. Greeley and of no benefit to anyone now to repeat what he then said in a private conversation.  I only know that I left at the close of the interview with the highest opinion of the unflinching, unyielding honesty and purity of his political purposes.  When he died I lost a friend that I highly esteemed.  The poor, the down trodden and oppressed people of this country lost their best advocate, who unselfishly gave his life’s work in their behalf and in what he deemed to be for their best interests.  There are so many incidents of his life which came under my personal observation like those of which I have written that their repetition would almost make a book.  I cannot repeat them nor need I.  In years yet to come his true position will be known and honored and the labors and victories which he achieved for humanity will be appreciated better than they ever have been heretofore by a thoughtful and grateful people.
            I first saw Andrew Johnson, afterwards the Vice-President and President of the United States in Washington in 1863, and then listened to a speech by him which he made at a great Union Meeting in the Hall of the House of Representatives.  I did not particularly admire the tone of that speech and thought that parts of it were exceedingly coarse.  Still I had learned to respect anyone who lived in the south, and who stood up manfully and courageously for the preservation of the Union.  Andrew Johnson done that and for that is entitled to respect by Union loving men.  At the National Convention of the Republican party in 1864, he was nominated for the Vice-Presidency on the demand of the people that some one from the south whose loyalty to the Union could not be doubted should be placed on the ticket so that the ticket should not be sectional.  His election followed and the exhibition which he made at the inaugural of President Lincoln and himself was disgusting to the people who saw and heard him, as it was to the people who read of the proceedings of that inaugural day.  When President Lincoln was assassinated everyone feared that Johnson’s administration would be disappointing in the extreme to the people and especially to those who had elevated him to this high position.  He started his administration by the declaration that he intended to punish all traitors to the government and all who had been trying to work the overthrow of the constitution.  After a little he apparently became dizzy from his high elevation and proceeded to mark out a new line of policy of his own which should represent neither of the great parties of the country and to which the people must come, and “my policy” became the constant harping of the president and of the few who had fawned upon him for the patronage he had to bestow.  In order to make the people understand what his policy was he started on a tour of the country which he called swinging round the circle, in which he visited the principle cities of the north and made speeches declaring his intentions and purposes.  He was accompanied on this tour by Secretary Seward of the War Department, Secretary Gideon Wells of the Navy Department, General Grant, Admiral Farragut and others, equally distinguished.  At the time of the tour I was staying at Albany, engaged with my associate State Assessors, in preparing our report for the State Boar of Equalization and which was shortly to be submitted to them for their approval.  On the day that President Johnson arrived at Albany I was invited by Governor Fenton to be present at a reception to be given at the capitol and at his special request I attended.  Governor Fenton received the President with a short address of welcome delivered from the steps of the capitol to which the President made a short reply.  The Governor then escorted the President to the executive chamber where he presented him to the state officers, myself among the number, and I there had the pleasure of taking the hands of the distinguished men I have mentioned.  The reception lasted about an hour after which the President and his Suite retired to the Delevan House where they were to pass the night.  As soon as the reception was ended I returned to my room a t the Stanwix and at once resumed my work upon our report as State Assessors.  Soon several persons who had attended the reception came in one by one, and the conversation turned upon the President and the reception just closed and what was likely to be said at the speech which it was understood the President was to make that evening.  After some discussion one gentleman present said that he could tell a complete expression that the President would use within five minutes of the time he began to speak.  A second gentleman declared that that was not possible when the first offered to furnish the wine to the assembled company after the speech if he could not on condition that the second gentleman should do likewise if he was successful in giving the expression correctly.  The offer was accepted and I was requested to write the expression which it was said the President would use, and wrote from dictation: “The Humble Individual Who Now Stands Before You.”  Soon after we heard a band playing in the direction of the Delevan House and adjourned to hear the President’s speech.  A great crowd filled the street and as our party was a little late we were obliged to stop on the outskirts of the crowd.  Within two minutes by the watch from the time that the President was introduced he used the expression in alluding to himself as the humble individual, etc.  The winner of the wager who stood near me was greatly pleased and laughed in a loud and boisterous manner.  The laughter was catching in the crowd and soon a great number of people were laughing although they did not know why.  The President became exceedingly angry and used language which was neither dignified nor proper for one holding his high position.  Several members of the crowd did likewise and the meeting became boisterous and somewhat turbulent while the President did not seem to make many converts to his new policy.  It is needless to say that I did not more work on my report that evening.  His administration was a stormy one as the people well remember, and ended by his being hated by all parties of the North and the South.  His experiences at Albany were his experiences in almost every city through which he passed but I cannot think that he was ever guilty of infidelity to his country.  His violent temper, unguarded expressions and undignified conduct lost him the respect of all classes but there is much that can be said and that should be remembered to his credit.  He was for maintaining the Union when surrounded as he was on every hand by those who sought its destruction.  His loyalty was undoubted and while his faults were many they are now almost forgotten.
            My earliest recollections of Abraham Lincoln were derived from the newspapers, which were filled with the discussions of a political character had between Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas, United States Senator from Illinois.  This was prior to Lincoln’s nomination for the Presidency.  A senatorial election was approaching in the State of Illinois and the Republican party, organized but a few years previously made Lincoln their candidate for the United States’ Senatorship while Douglas was the candidate of the Democratic party, to succeed himself.  A series of joint debates was arraigned and held between these two distinguished men at various places in the State of Illinois, which were attended by great masses of people.  There has never been, to my knowledge, so concise and perfect an exposition of the views held by the two great parties of that time as was furnished by these debates.  The positions assumed by Lincoln as the representative of the Republican party was opposition to the extension of Slavery into territories of the United States then free.  The position of Douglas was that the question of the extension of slavery into those territories should be left to the people living in them at the time of the formation of the State governments and that till that time the slave holders should be protected in those territories in holding slaves.  This political debate was a battle of giants.  It resulted in the return of Douglas to the Senate but with the popular vote of the State against him.  In order to secure his election he was forced to assume the position on the slavery question which divided the Democratic party of the Country and defeated Douglas’ aspirations for the Presidency, for which he was a candidate.  I have read and reread that debate with ever increasing interest.  It is the ablest presentation of the question of the extension of slavery that was ever made before the people of this country.  In the early spring of 1860 a state convention was called in this state to send delegates to the National Convention to nominate the Republican candidate for the Presidency and I was a delegate to this State Convention.  William H. Seward was the favorite of the state of New York and had its unanimous delegation in the National Convention, but it was a matter of comment among many of the delegates at that time that if Mr. Seward could not be nominated, then above all others they desired that Abraham Lincoln should receive the nomination.  The National Convention nominated Lincoln as its candidate for the Presidency.  Douglas was nominated by a divided party as one of the candidates and Breckenridge of Kentucky as the other representative of the Democratic party.  It was a memorable contest and one never to be forgotten by anyone who lived and participated in the excitement of that time.   The result of the contest is well known.  War followed the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln and for four years the greatest war of modern times was waged, resulting in the utter extinction of human slavery in the states composing the Great Republic.

            In 1863 I was a visitor, in the early winter, at the National capitol and there for the first time I met Abraham Lincoln personally.  I visited at the White House in company with the Hon. R.E. Fenton, then member to Congress from this district, and afterwards Governor of this State.  In the early part of 1864 I was appointed paymaster in the army by President Lincoln and went to Washington where I remained in the discharge of my duties until the following May.  During the time I was in Washington I frequently saw the President leaving the White House leading his little son by the hand and going to the War Department for the evident purpose of consulting with the Secretary of War.  In the month of May I resigned my position in the service which I then held, to assume another in connection with the Provost Marshal Department in this Congressional District, which place I held until the fall of 1863, (this date seems to be wrong) when I was for the first time elected to the State Senate and on January 1st went to Albany.

            The spring of 1863 was the darkest time of the whole war for the Union cause.  While I was at Washington a great Union meeting was held at the capitol which President Lincoln and his Cabinet attended.  Speeches were made by several distinguished men among whom were Com.  Foote of the Navy and the Hon Andrew Johnson, afterward president of the United States.  At the conclusion of the speeches President Lincoln especially requested that J.E. Murdock, the tragedian, should read a poem called the Oath, and he done so.  I here insert a copy of that poem then read:

Ye freemen, how long will ye stifle
The vengeance that justice inspires?
With treason how long will ye trifle
And shame the proud name of your sires?
OUT  OUT with the sword and the rifle
In defence of your homes and your fires,
The flag of the old Revolution
Swear firmly to serve, and uphold;
That no treasonous hand of pollution
Shall tarnish one star of its fold!
And hard the deep voices replying
From graves where your fathers or lying
                        “Swear, oh swear.
In this moment who hesitates, barters
The rights which his forefathers won
He forfeits all claims to the charters
Transmitted from sire to son.
KNEEL, KNEEL at the graves of our martyrs
And Swear on your sword and your gun,
Lay up our great oath on an altar
As huge and as strong as Stone Henge
And then with the sword, fire and halter
Sweep down to the fields of revenge.
And hard the deep voices replying
From the graves where your fathers are lying,
                                    “Swear, oh swear.”
By the tombs of your sires and your brothers,
The host which the traitors have slain,
By the tears of your sisters and mothers,
In secret concealing their pain,
The grief which the heroine smothers
Consuming the heart and the brain, -
By the sigh of the penniless widow,
By the sob of her orphans despair,
By the sob of her orphans despair,
Where they sit in their sorrowful shadow
KNEEL, KNEEL every feeman and swear:
And hark the deep voices replying
From graves where your ancestors are lying,
                                    “Swear, oh swear.”
On mounds which are wet with weeping
Where a Nation has bowed to the sod,
Where the noblest of martyrs are sleeping,
Let the winds bear your vengeance abroad,
And your firm oaths be held in the keeping
Of your patriotic hearts and your God
Over Ellsworth, for whom the first tear rose,
While to Baker and Lyon you look –
By Winthrop, a star among heroes,
By the blood of our murdered McCook.
And hard the deep voices replying
From graves where your ancestor are lying,
                                    “Swear, oh swear.


            It was the most impressive reading to which I have ever listened and at its conclusion one could not help but feel that he had renewed his allegiance to the government and had in fact taken the oath anew.  I distinctly remember a part of the speech of Andrew Johnson; a part which I did not then nor have I since admired.  He was speaking in most vindictive terms of the South and what they would lose by the Rebellion.  He said many of the leaders had lost their “niggers” and that he had lost his “niggers” too, but had not lost as much as they had for he was not related to his “niggers.” Other parts of his speech were coarse and seemed to me unsuited to so great an occasion.

            In April, 1865, while I was still a member of the State Senate, President Lincoln was murdered.  That night I had been up until nearly midnight for the purpose of accompanying a visiting friend to the railroad station to catch a train west.  On returning to my room about midnight I met a newspaper friend on the corner of State and Broadway Streets in Albany, and he inquired why I was up so late and I told him and then inquired whether there was any news from the war.  He told me that there was nothing except that an hour or two before a telegram had been received saying that President Lincoln had been murdered that evening in Ford’s Theater in Washington but that soon after another dispatch came contradicting the first.  I went to my room thinking what would be the condition of the country in case it should prove true.  I slept but little during the remainder of the night, arose early and went upon the street, where I found the newsboys already selling the newspapers announcing the assassination of the President.  Soon after the streets were crowded with men, women and children, many of them weeping as though they had lost their last friend.  It was determined on the meeting of the Senate that day or soon after that a committee should be appointed on the part of the Senate to receive the President’s remains as it was understood that they were to be brought to Albany on their way to the West.  I was appointed as one of this committee on the part of the Senate.  The committees from the Senate and Assembly crossed the ferry to East Albany to receive the remains which were in charge of General Dix and a military escort.  We accompanied them across the river, through Broadway and up State Street to the Capitol.  It was late in the evening when we arrived.  The bells of the city were tolling.  Minute guns were being fired and a great concourse of people were in the streets witnessing the solemn pageant.  The body was taken to the Capitol and I remained there until nearly morning.  Looking out of the windows you might have seen all night long thousands upon thousands of people waiting to look for the last time upon the form of the dead President.  The building was opened for the people to enter at about two in the morning and without any cessation, except for a few minutes that day when the Governor and State officers visited the Capitol, two continuous streams of people were passing by to look upon the dead form of the President.  At about two in the afternoon it was to be removed to the funeral car on its journey to the west.  A procession was formed at the Capitol headed by a body of soldiers to open the way through the crowd of people who filled the streets.  The body was placed upon a car drawn by horses beside of which our committees walked.  The weeping mourning of the people as we passed through the streets was a scene I never can forget.  One incident I remember, which greatly impressed me at the time.  Standing as close to the car as she could get was a colored woman plainly but neatly dressed, holding up her little boy and said to him as the car passed: “Look child, look child, he died for you, he died for you, look, child, look!”  For nearly four miles the procession passed through the streets of the city until the train was reached which bore his body to the west.

            His life and death will neither of them be forgotten as long as the great republic lives and even longer if that may be.  So far as I know and believe no wiser, better or greater man ever lived on this earth since He who taught on the shores of deep Gallilee.  I am thankful to have lived when he did and shall cherish as long as I live the thought that I saw and knew the great Emancipator who was a martyr to the cause of Liberty and Freedom for all.
            The ex-governor and ex-senator is dead.  He whose courteous manner and kind words I have learned to love is dead and I shall not look upon his like again.  I first made his acquaintance in 1852, when he was a candidate for Congress.  He was a Democrat as I was and the District was strongly Whig, but he, by his energetic canvas, by his personal appeals, and his pleasant address, succeeded in reversing the large Whig majority and was elected by a small majority to the 33rd Congress.  When I first met him we were both on our way to attend a Democratic meeting at Olean which was to be addressed by the Hon. Horatio Seymour, then a candidate for Governor, who spoke to a mass meeting.  I was then introduced by Mr. Fenton to Governor Seymour and my acquaintance thus commenced with these two men was continued until their death.  At the time when they met one was a candidate for Governor and the other for Congress on the same ticket and both were successful. I suppose that they may have met often after that but the next time that I saw them together was when Governor Seymour was handing over the office of Governor to Governor Fenton who succeeded him on January 1, 1865.  At that time they were the candidates of their respective parties and it was at the close of a most exciting political campaign and canvass that Governor Fenton was elected.  At the time of his inauguration I was a state senator and was honored with a seat in the capitol near where they stood and when I remembered our first meeting at Olean I found myself asking, “When shall we three meet again?”

            From the time when I first met Governor Fenton till the time of his death we carried on a large correspondence.  He honored me quite largely with his confidence and often told me his opinions of the public men both in and out of his district and often asked me to go on some mission for him.  He enjoyed doing kind acts for me and much of the political preferment which I have had I owe to him and am greatly his debtor for the favors which I have received from him.  While he was Governor he tendered me public places that I could not, and did not always accept, but I value the spirit in which they were offered.  I sometimes asked him for favors which, for some reason, he could not grant and if at times I was inclined to feel aggrieved because they were not granted, he would frankly tell me why he could not do what I asked of him and would vindicate his own conduct to my entire satisfaction.

            In 1868 General Grand was a candidate for President for the first time and Governor Fenton was a candidate for Vice-President under him.  I was in the convention which nominated Grant.  For five ballots Fenton stood next to the highest among the candidates.   But although the great state of New York gave her best efforts for his nomination, Schuyler Colfax became the successful candidate.  Governor Fenton came to the office of Governor during the war of the rebellion at a time when large demands for troops with which to give the finishing blows to the war were made upon the state and he came to the position well equipped for the work before him.  As a member of Congress he did as much for his constituents in the army or out of it and for soldiers who lived outside of his immediate district as any man in the state.  I often saw him in Washington, worn out with his day’s work and then visiting the hospitals to look after the sick and wounded and giving money to the men without means that they might go to their homes and securing them furloughs; sending the dead to their homes that they might be buried by their kindred, and often paying the expenses out of his own means.  No soldier ever appealed to him in vain and I believe that he gave away a small fortune to the sick and suffering.  I never knew what it was to be charitable till then as I witnessed what he done.

            In 1869 he was elected United States Senator over Governor Morgan.  This campaign was a battle of giants.  Thurlow Weed, up to that time, had always been recognized as the political leader and adviser of the Republican party, and had determined that Governor Morgan should succeed himself to that position.  This effort of Weed to retain his political supremacy in the state was the last great political contest of his life.  Governor Fenton was successful in the contest and I have reason to believe that Mr. Weed always regretted that he did not make a more earnest opposition to the nomination of Mr. Fenton as Governor at his first nomination.   As a political organizer Weed had few equals and no superiors but found his equal if not his superior in this contest where he least expected to find him.  I had then and still have a great respect for the name and memory of Thurlow Weed but in that contest I was a private soldier, enlisted under Governor Fenton for the war and I fought under him till he was a victor.  The inside and outside incidents of that contest would make a book of itself.  In personal magnetism I never knew Governor Fenton’s superior.  Men did as he wished them to do and forgot, for the time their own purposes.  I recall one incident of an intelligent and excellent man, who once told me that in order to retain his own opinions in the matters wherein he disagreed with Governor Fenton, he was obliged to refrain from his visiting the governor as he was sure to believe with the governor while he was there and lost his own conviction until he was by himself again.  There was much truth in what the man said.  Fenton was never depressed by defeat nor exalted by victory.  He was calm and unmoved when others were deeply affected by passing events.  He was always master of himself.  He could not be crushed by defeat.  But a few days before his death, I spent most of one afternoon with him in connection with some legal business in which he had retained me as his counsel and when we had completed that business we spent about an hour in talking of events of the past in which we had both participated.  It was in the room where we then sat where he was stricken and died.  A telegram reached me in an eastern city telling me of his death and asking me to act as one of the pall bearers at his funeral.  I obeyed that call as though it had come from him and followed his remains to the grave.  I have lost many friends but never, outside of the death of some of my own family, has the death of any one affected me so much as did that of the Hon. Reuben E. Fenton.
The following is a list of the Taxable Inhabitants of the Town of Dayton together with their post-office address.

Allen, Daniel B. Otto, N.Y.
Brand, D.H. Dayton
Allen, Pearl S. Wesley
Bramer, Henry Bucktooth
Allen, Hon. Norman M Dayton
Buffington, Chas Dayton
Astry, Henry South Dayton
Buckentine, John South Dayton
Ashdown, James Dayton

Austin, Samuel Dayton
Comstock, David Dayton
Alden, Glenn A Jamestown
Conners, Jerry Dayton
Alden, David S Cottage
Cook, Elisha Hamburg
Averill, Denton Dayton
Coon, Hiram Dayton
Aldrich, CM South Dayton
Coon, Bert Dayton
Amadon, George South Dayton
Coon, James Dayton

Coon, Jay South Dayton
Bailey, George Wesley
Coon, Aaron South Dayton
Bacon, E.H. Wesley
Coon, Abraham South Dayton
Bixby, James E Dayton
Champlin, Wm Dayton
Barker, James South Dayton
Cole, Milo Dayton
Blaisdell, H.R. Dayton
Coulson, Albert South Dayton
Blaisdell, Daniel A Dayton
Cromwell, D.M. Dayton
Blaisdell, F.L. Dayton
Casten, John Jr. South Dayton
Bunce, Jay Dayton
Crosby, Wm Cottage
Blair, C.H. Cottage
Curtis, A.F. South Dayton
Burns, Michael Dayton
Childs, M.R. South Dayton
Bartlett, Eugene Dayton
Cookingham, Geo Cottage
Boys, Jos. W Cherry Creek
Cooley, Walter Cottage
Badgero, Francis M Dayton
Casten, John Sr Dayton
Brookman, Joseph South Dayton
Comstock, Emerson Dayton
Brand, David C Dayton
Comstock, Peter Dayton
Burmaster, Fred South Dayton
Crowell, Chas. W Dayton
Burkhalder, N.W. South Dayton

Beach, Dermont South Dayton
Dexter, Wm. A. South Dayton
Bassinger, Peter South Dayton
Dersey, Jacob South Dayton
Barrus, O.M. Gowanda
Darbee, John A. Cottage
Bentley, John South Dayton
Dennison, John South Dayton
Beckwith, Wm. South Dayton
Derringer, John C South Dayton
Berwald, Chas South Dayton
Dutton, Nelson South Dayton
Babcock, Chas South Dayton
Drogmiller, Chas South Dayton
Blair, Emmet Jamestown
Dorsey, Jos South Dayton
Benton, Edwin Cottage
Dye, Lafayette South Dayton
Budd, J.W. South Dayton

Beck, Phillip South Dayton
English, Lewis Wesley
Beardsley, Frank South Dayton
English, Oscar Wesley
Beach, E.F. Silver Creek
English, Theo South Dayton
Brown, Ira Cottage
Easton, F.J. Wesley
Bunce, Nelson Cottage
Eggleston, Wm. E. Dayton
Beaver, Charles South Dayton
Erhart, L.A. Dayton
Button, A.H. Dayton
Essex, John South Dayton
Becker, Clarence Dayton
Earl, Merritt Wesley
Ball, David Cottage
Earl, Thos Wesley
Eno, C.E. Cottage
Hooker, S.J. Cottage
Eddy, G.J. Cottage
Hubbard, A.J. South Dayton
Ewing, Chas. H Chicago, Ill.
Hubbard, Wilson South Dayton
English, Edgar Wesley
Hubbard, Wm. Wesley
Elk, David Dayton
Hurd, Frank South Dayton

Hurd, Chester South Dayton
Fuller, Elmer J. Wesley
Hale, Eugene A. South Dayton
Fuller, Henry J. Wesley
Hickey, O.S. South Dayton
Fuller, Edgar Wesley
Holman, Lynn South Dayton
Foster, Harvey Dayton
Hines, Fred South Dayton
Fancher, Alanson Wesley
Hulett, A.J. South Dayton
Fisher, Chas Dayton
Howard, Wm Wesley
Fisher, J.G. South Dayton
Hurlburt, E.C. Wesley
Fisher, L.R. South Dayton
Hubacker, John Wesley
Fisher, C.W. South Dayton
Hackett, Henry South Dayton
Feltz, John Dayton
Hall, Ellsworth Cottage
Fitzmorris, M Dayton
Hall, H.P. South Dayton
Fancher, G.W. South Dayton

Falk, Swan South Dayton
Ingersoll, C.W. South Dayton
Frink, Ellery South Dayton
Ingersoll, John South Dayton
Fancher, Miles Dayton
Inman, H. Burt Dayton
Grantier, Chas. Cottage
Inman, L.D. Cottage
Greiner, Phillip Jr. Dayton
Isabell, Wm Dayton
Greiner, William Dayton

Gregg, A.T. Dayton
Judd, Chauncey Wesley
Gomd, Albert Dayton
Judd, Harry Wesley
Gomd, Elmer D. Dayton
James, Marvin Dayton
Goldthwait, Walter South Dayton
Jolls, C. Dayton
Garnet, Edward Cottage
Johnson, G.N. Cottage
Goodman, Oliver South Dayton
Johnson, Floyd R. Cottage
Gould, Royal South Dayton
Johnson, Wm. South Dayton
Goned, Clark South Dayton
Jackett, Clinton South Dayton
Grantier, Geo. B. Cottage
Jolls, J. W. Cottage

Johnson, Chas Cottage
Howard, Albert Wesley
Kelsey J. Dayton
Hall, Adelbert Dayton
Keppel, Chas., Jr. South Dayton
Hall, Leonard O. Dayton
Kendall, Elmer South Dayton
Hall, Robt. Salamanca
Kelley, A.F. South Dayton
Hall, C.W. Wesley
Kellogg, John South Dayton
Hall, A.M. Dayton
Kester, Wm. South Dayton
Hall, R.W. Wesley
Knowlton, Wm Dayton
Howard, LeRoy Dayton

Howard, Chester Dayton
Luce, O.E. Welsey
Howard, Hoyt Dayton
Laing, David South Dayton
Henry, Wm Dayton
Leonard, Jos. N. Cottage
Howard, Henry Dayton
Lapham, G.F. Cherry Creek
Howard, Daniel Dayton
Lafferty, Albert Cottage
Hubbard, Merton South Dayton
Lafferty, D.W. Cottage
Hubbard, Wm. South Dayton
Lake, C.H. Jamestown
Hubbard, Miner E. Dayton
LeBarron, L. South Dayton
Hubbard, Charles South Dayton
Landon, Luther Cottage
Hammond, Wm. Dayton
Lamb, B.H. South Dayton
Hillebert, Elmer Wesley
Lillie, Chas Corry, Pa.
Hillebert, George Wesley
Lewis, Geo South Dayton
Hillebert, Warren Wesley
LeBarron, Howard South Dayton
Howard, Urbin Wesley

Howard, Fred South Dayton
McFarland, P Dayton
Herrington, C.E. South Dayton
McFarland, Frank Dayton
Hartman, Refine South Dayton
McFarland, John M Dayton
Hire, Albert Cottage
McFarland, John C Dayton
Hagerdon, Fred South Dayton
McFarland, Peter Dayton
Hagerdon, Henry South Dayton
McCourt, Jos Dayton
Hooker, Hon. W.B. Fredonia
McCarthy, Jerry Dayton
Hooker, Newton P Hamlet
Milks, Edson Dayton
Huntington, John South Dayton
Milks, Newman Dayton
Holtz, John Wesley
Milks, Frank Dayton
Howlett, H.H. Cottage
Milks, Mrs. Freeman Dayton
Howlett, Moses Cottage
Markham, P.A. Dayton
Howlett, Arthur Cottage
Myers, Fred South Dayton
Hagerdon, Geo Dayton
Moran, Martin Dayton
Merrill, Wm Dayton
Rusch, Geo. Jr Wesley
Merrill, Heman R Dayton
Rusch, Geo. Sr. Wesley
Merrill, Will Dayton
Rogers, David Fredonia
Merrill, Irvin C Cottage
Rice, C.W. Dayton
Markham, H.A. Dayton
Rider, Chas South Dayton
Markham, J.H. Dayton
Remington, Geo Wesley
Metzker, L.J. Dayton
Remington, Frank Dayton
Marble, L.B. Dayton
Remington, Almeran South Dayton
Matteson, David Dayton
Rhodes, M.J. Dayton
Marble, R.H. Dayton
Remington, H.E. South Dayton
Moore, W.H. South Dayton
Remington, Glenn South Dayton
McCune, Peter South Dayton
Roberts, A.L. South Dayton
McCune, John South Dayton
Randall, H Cottage
Merritt, G.W. South Dayton
Randall, Duane Cottage
Morrell, Orlando Cottage
Rugg, Clark South Dayton
Mallory, A. South Dayton
Rowe, N.L. South Dayton

Rice, Lee South Dayton
Nelson, Chas Dayton
Racher, Geo Dayton
Nelson, August Dayton
Ranlett, L. South Dayton
Newcomb, Wm Dayton
Ranlett, Will South Dayton
Newcomb, Meade Cottage
Robinson, Howard Dayton
Newcomb, Edwin Cottage
Rhodes, Merrill Dayton
Newcomb, George Cottage

Newcomb, Thos South Dayton
Scott, Truman Dayton
Nyhart, John Cottage
Scott, William Dayton
Nyhart, Phillip Cottage
Strickland, J.P. Dayton
Nash, Emerson South Dayton
Strickland, Truman Dayton

Studley, A Dayton
Olsen, N.P. Dayton
Shaw, James Dayton
Oshier, John South Dayton
Sherman, A.L. South Dayton
Oshier, Henry South Dayton
Scoville, Jasper Hamburg
Ott, Fred South Dayton
Spencer, C.C. Dayton
Oakes, C.W. South Dayton
Silleman, R South Dayton
Oakes, John South Dayton
Silleman, Otis South Dayton

Silleman, Fred South Dayton
Plumb, Jos New York City
Smith, M.E. South Dayton
Peacock, F.J. South Dayton
Smith, H.T. South Dayton
Parke, A.G. Wesley
Sharpe, F.D. Dayton
Parke, Esek K. Wesley
Sherman, Jos South Dayton
Parke, Porter A Wesley
Seeber, A South Dayton
Parke, LA Wesley
Searl, Nelson Cottage
Pritchard, Amos Wesley
Searl, Elbridge Cottage
Potter, Silas Dayton
Searl, Nathan Cottage
Perham, W.M. Dayton
Smith, Adam Cottage
Pease, Chauncey Dayton
Smith, Adam Jr. Cottage
Parmelee, J.M. Dayton
Smith, Loren P Cottage
Perrin, Bert Dayton
Stewart, Anson Dayton
Peck, Wm Dayton
Swift, Hiram South Dayton
Perrin, Arthur Dayton
Smith, W.B. Cottage
Peck, Albert Dayton
Smith, Adelbert Cottage
Putney, John Cottage
Simpson, T.R. South Dayton
Palmer, Chas South Dayton
Shults, Chas South Dayton
Palmer, Christ South Dayton
Sprague, Emory South Dayton
Palmer, J.L. South Dayton
Stafford, F.J. South Dayton
Phillips, I.H. South Dayton
Snyder, Geo South Dayton
Peters, Fred Cottage
Spire, Andrew South Dayton
Peterman, S.L. South Dayton
Safford, J.H. South Dayton
Phelps, W.D. South Dayton
Spaulding, Henry Dayton
Persons, Levi South Dayton
Stuart, Wm Dayton
Phillips, E South Dayton

Phillips, Vern South Dayton
Thrasher, Hon.W.S. Dayton
Phillips, Morris Kennedy
Tarbell, L.R. Wesley
Phillips, Hamilton South Dayton
Traber, Christ Dayton
Peek, F.S. South Dayton
Thompson, H South Dayton
Phillips, E Cottage
Thompson, John South Dayton
Peavy, W South Dayton
Tefft, Wm South Dayton

Tarbox, Irving Hemlock NY
Rich, Frank Dayton
Traber, John Dayton
Rice, H.T. South Dayton
Upton Geo. South Dayton
Remington, G.P. Dayton
Umpstead, Frank South Dayton
Volk, J.J. Dayton
Wiser, Jacob Dayton
Volk, Adam Cottage
Wallace, J.R. Dayton
Volk, Geo. C Dayton
Weigand, Fred Dayton
Vance, Samuel Dayton
Weigand, Chas South Dayton
VanSlyke, John Cottage
Weigand, Louie Dayton
Volk, Jacob South Dayton
Williams, Chas South Dayton
Volk, Peter South Dayton
Whipple, B.A. South Dayton
Volk, Wm Cottage
Wilcox, M.W. Cottage

Wood, D.T. South Dayton
Wilcox, W.B. Dayton
Wilson, B.C. South Dayton
Wolfe, Fred Wesley
Wilson, H.T. South Dayton
Wolfe, Chas Wesley
Wilson, H.S. South Dayton
Wolfe, Henry Wesley
Wilcox, George South Dayton
Wolfe, William South Dayton
Wilcox, Elias South Dayton
Wolfe, Wm. Jr. South Dayton
Wield, Simeon South Dayton
Waller, Clarence Wesley
Ward, James South Dayton
Wells, A.C. Jamestown
West, T.R. South Dayton
Warm, Chas South Dayton
Warner, N. South Dayton
Waite, Albert South Dayton

Werth, Henry South Dayton
Young, A.R. Dayton
Wood, E Dayton
Young, Geo South Dayton
Wood, Alonzo Dayton
Young, Geo Jr. South Dayton
Wood, Adell Dayton
Zanger, J.P. South Dayton
Wachter, Frank Dayton
Zimmerman, W.B. South Dayton

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